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Background Information
People are more likely to obey people who
are in a position of authority such as a
policemen or doctor.
Most common example of blind obedience is
during the holocaust when German people
would obey orders to kill thousands of
Jewish people, even though it was morally
wrong.…read more

Slide 3

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Situational and Dispositional
Hypothesis
Dispositional Hypothesis: Some people say that
German's behaved the way they did in the
holocaust because German people are more
obedient than other nationalities. This is a
dispositional hypothesis as they are saying it is
down to a person's dispostion.
Situational Hypothesis: This is the type of
hypothesis Milgram uses in his experiment. This
hypothesis explains behaviour due to the
situation that people are put in.…read more

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Aim:
To investigate the obedience of participants in
administering electric shocks in the presence
of an authority figure…read more

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Participants
They were selected by self select method
from a newspaper advert
They were paid $4.50 to take part in the
study
There was 40 males between the ages of 20-
50
They represented a wide range of
occupations…read more

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Method
This was a controlled observation as there was
no independent variable manipulated.
Milgram had designed a phoney shock
generator which had electric shocks ranging
from 15v-450v increasing in steps of 15v.
It had labels on the voltage increases saying:
slight shock, moderate shock, strong shock,
very strong shock, intense shock, extreme
intensity shock, danger: severe shock. Two
switches after this were marked XXX.…read more

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