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Assess the strengths and limitations of using official
statistics for investigating boys underachievement
Strengths Limitations
· Easy access · Low in validity
· Readily Available · Results could be
· Cheap manipulated
· No need for consent · Doesn't include boys who
· Quick didn't take exams
· Official Records · Doesn't look into reasons
· Comprises info for all males in · Cannot suggest
country at that age improvements
· Easy to compare
· Open to improvements…read more

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Assess the strengths and limitations of using unstructured
interviews for investigating boys underachievement
Strengths Limitations
· Depth of Information · Access e.g. consent
· Can get real insight · Time consuming
· Bond with respondent · Cost ­ expensive
· Can suggest ways to · Ethical ­ may cause harm
improve results · Interviewer bias
· May find subject specific · Difficult to categorise
reasons responses
· May reveal new information…read more

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Assess the strengths and limitations of using participant observation for
investigating teachers' attitudes toward minority ethnic group pupils
Strengths Limitations
· Covert or Overt · Hawthorne Effect
· Depth of Information · Getting consent
· Relatively cheap · Covert or Overt
· First-hand experience · Difficult to compare
· Cannot lie if undercover · Post-research effects
· Getting in, staying in and
getting out
· Recording information
· Time consuming…read more

Slide 5

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Assess the strengths and limitations of using questionnaires for
investigating teachers' attitudes toward minority ethnic group pupils
Strengths Limitations
· Cheap · People may lie
· Quick · Leading questions
· Reliable · Low response rate
· Large scale · Not sure who has completed it
· People interpret questions
· Easy access
differently
· Spot patterns and make · May not understand questions
generalisations · Sensitive subject
· More confidential · May cause offense…read more

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Confidentiality
· One strength of using questionnaires as a method
of investigating teacher attitudes towards ethnic
minority pupils is confidentiality. This is important
because if questionnaires are anonymous then
people will be more honest which means they are
more likely to tell the truth. For example, if they
know their name will not be revealed a pupil may
identify a teacher who they feel is treating them
unfairly. This is therefore an advantage of using
questionnaires as a method of research for this
topic.…read more

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