1944 Butler Act
Secondary modern, grammar and technical schools
1 of 45
1979 New Rights Act
Vocational courses, league tables and parentocracy
2 of 45
1988 Education Reform Act
National curriculum and schools control finances
3 of 45
1997 New Labour Act
Specialist school and Sure Start
4 of 45
2010 Coalition Act
People premium, compulsory age 18 and Progress 8
5 of 45
Post Modernism
No value consensus - individual based
6 of 45
What did Bowles and Gintis do?
Jug and Mug principle
7 of 45
What is the correspondence principle?
School mirrors the work place
8 of 45
What does functionalism want to achieve?
Role allocation so every institution fills a function
9 of 45
What is the organic analogy?
Society is interdependent
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What is value consensus?
An agreement
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What did Parsons say?
Social solidary - feeling part of something. The hidden curriculum also.
12 of 45
What do functionalists say a lack of these will lead to?
Atrophy and anomie of society
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What does marxism say of functionalism?
Myth of Meritocracy
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What do feminists say of functionalism?
Ignores patriarchy
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What does the social action theory say?
Max Weber says functionalism promotes self fulfilling prophecy and labelling
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What does marxism say of education?
Education reproduces and legitimises class difference
17 of 45
Class hierarchy
Conflict between bourgeoise and protelariat
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What do bourgeoise own?
Means of production
19 of 45
What is the social action theory?
Individual relationships shape institutions and societies
20 of 45
Rosenhal and Jacobsen study?
Self Fulfilling prophecy
21 of 45
Rist study?
Halo effect and primary school labelling
22 of 45
Becker study?
Labelling theory
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What is setting and streaming? Hargreaves as a teacher
Setting is allocating sets according to ability, streaming is assuming ability is the same across the board
24 of 45
What are educational external factors?
Cultural and material deprivation and cultural capital
25 of 45
What is cultural deprivation?
language, attitudes and values and intellectual development
26 of 45
Douglas Young study?
How educational toys and books affect achievment
27 of 45
Basil Bernstein study?
Restricted and elaborated codes
28 of 45
Hyman and Sugarman studies?
values and beliefs of lower class create 'self imposed barrier'
29 of 45
What are the features of the self imposed barrier?
Fatalism, collectivism, immediate gratification and presnet time orientation
30 of 45
What is Head Start?
A US organisation - sesame street, nursery and parenting classes
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What is Sure Start?
A UK organisation - promote development to flourish at home - disadvantaged
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What did Keddie conclude?
Myth of cultural deprivaton - not culturally deprived but culturally different
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What is material deprivation?
Going without housing, diet and health, materials and finances
34 of 45
What did Bourdieu study?
Cultural capital
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What did Gewirtz study? 1995 unstructured interviews
Marketisation and parental choice
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What were Gewirtz findings?
Used interviews/secondary data from 14 London schools and found three types of parents
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What were the types of parents?
Privileged skilled - professional middle class, disconnected local - restricted by economic and cultural capital and semi skilled - working class ambitious for their children
38 of 45
What are internal factors of education?
Labelling, self fulfilling prophecy, pupil subcultures and marketisation and selection
39 of 45
What did Becker's labelling theory find?
Interviews 60 Chicago teachers amd found they judged pupils on backgrounds and work conduct
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What did Rist find?
Primary school teachers looked at pupil backgrounds and placed middle class 'tigers' near them, 'cardinals' and 'clowns' were not ideal pupils
41 of 45
Explain Rosenthal and Jacobsen's study (1968)
told teachers in san fran school found 20% students spurters. year later 47% had made significant progress
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Rosenthal and Jacobsen methods in context
Field experiment - manipulate real situations to discover case and effect relationships
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Lacey 1970 - unstructured conversations
Participant/non participant observations - immersed in school, taught lessons, help trips cricket team. pupils polarise subcultures - longitudinal
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Laud Humphreys - Tea Room trade studies
Longitudinal, covetr observation, interviews
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


1979 New Rights Act


Vocational courses, league tables and parentocracy

Card 3


1988 Education Reform Act


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


1997 New Labour Act


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


2010 Coalition Act


Preview of the front of card 5
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