Maintenance of Romantic Relationships


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The maintenance of Romantic Relationships
A01 Studies A02/3
Behaviourist approach Veitch & Griffitt RABBIE AND HOROWITZ '60: found that if
Operant and classical conditioning · Single participants to wait in an strangers won a game together, they
Operant conditioning theorist would experimenter's office, listening to expressed more liking for each other than if
presume that attraction results from a the radio. they lost
· Pp's heard two news broadcasts; This is a good account for friendships, we like
person's presence being rewarding in some
they were either good or bad news. others who are reciprocal with their feelings
way and this result in us seeking further · When experimenter returned the Pp Only appears to be relevant to the early
contact with them; this feeling may be asked to fill in a `Feelings Scale' and stages of attraction
interpreted as attraction. to read a questionnaire that has The theory assumes people are totally selfish
Classical conditioning explanations would supposedly been filled in by another and are only concerned about the rewards
look at how the person became associated student. It was filled in to be in they receive from a relationship. It doesn't
with some or other positive event, so that closed agreement or disagreement explain selfless relationships like that of a
with attitudes previously expressed
person's presence unconsciously now parent and child.
by the participant.
elicits positive feelings. The theory is culturally biased ­ it only applies
· The Pp then rated the other
to individualist cultures, not collectivist ones
student on an interpersonal
judgement scale. Found that the where rewards are unlikely to be a factor in
participants exposed to the good the maintenance of relationships
news reported significantly more It is simplistic and reductionist ­ there are
positive feelings than those who many other factors involved in a relationship
heard the bad news. not just rewards gained from it.
· The `good news' Pp's also reported
feeling more attracted to the other
student, the feelings were stronger
if the attitudes were in agreement.

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The maintenance of Romantic Relationships
Social Exchange theory Social Exchange theory Rusbult; relationship PP's asked to fill in
Social exchange theory is similar to Thibaut & Kelley argued that long-term questionnaires for 7 months, she found three
friendships and relationships go through reasons for satisfaction in relationships;
reinforcement theory but provides a more
four stages;
plausible account of interpersonal Careful weighing of rewards and costs
attraction · Sampling ­ The costs and rewards considerations of investment
It is assumed that everyone tries to associated with…read more

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The maintenance of Romantic Relationships
Equitable relationship = partner's benefits under-benefitted in their husband career as more important than
minus their costs = other partner's benefits relationships their own
minus their costs Women try to seek less for themselves ­
Perception of inequity = either restorer or equity less relevant
end relationship Challenges universality of equity as
determinant of relationship satisfaction…read more



this is great- everything you need and loads of studies 

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