LITB3 Essay Plans

Section A possible content plans. Used the AQA mark scheme to develop and backed up with quotes and analysis.

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  • Created by: Imogen
  • Created on: 05-06-14 15:48
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"Macbeth is a play about the nature of evil rather than the nature of ambition."
The gothic genre explores evil, the nature of evil and its effects. `Macbeth' explores
Macbeth's psychological downfall and therefore shows the nature of evil rather than as of
The witches are a large reason for Macbeth's obsession and may be seen as the sources of
evil because they are supernatural characters. Contextual analysis may show the witches to
be aligned with the devil and therefore indefinitely evil.
The murders are a truly wrong and evil act, and despite guilt neither Macbeth not Lady
Macbeth attempt to repent or redeem themselves. This may show it to be a play about the
nature of evil rather than ambition.
Ambition is central to the play and drives Macbeth onwards.
There are unbreakable links between the nature of evil and Macbeth's ambition, it may be
argued they go hand in hand.
`Stars, hide your fires,/Let not light see my black and deep desires.'
Reference to light and dark- gothic opposition.
Stars may be seen as symbolic of Heaven, Macbeth turning his back on God and going
towards evil.
Macbeth acknowledges that what he is planning to do is wrong, but still continues. This is
arguably due to the nature of evil, but also due to ambition driven by evil.
`Full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife!/Thou know'st Banquo and his Fleance lives.' - Macbeth
Shows evil taking over Macbeth's mind, as he describes it as being full of scorpions, a
creature closely associated with the devil of a Jacobean audience.
This shows Macbeth to be instigating further murders, which demonstrates his ambition to
get to the throne despite the dire consequences.
`Vaulting ambition which o'erleaps itself' - Macbeth
A direct reference from Macbeth about his own personality and his driven and penetrating
`We have scorch'd the snake, not kill'd it.' - Macbeth
Macbeth uses another creature associated with the devil to personify his ambition and evil
This shows he is willing to continue on his journey towards the throne, proving him to be
`My hands are of your colour, but I shame/To wear a heart so white.' ­ Lady Macbeth
This shows Lady Macbeth to be guiltless and therefore evil, the reference to a white heart
represents innocence.
The colour of her hands suggests evil, as though she has cold-heartedly murdered Duncan
with her own hands.
Lady Macbeth is emasculating Macbeth at this point, which portrays her as an evil character
or source of evil.
`It is ironic that the beasts are often more humane than the humans.'

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The humans do not act in a humane way, they are violent, cruel, aggressive and selfish.
Consideration of the gothic characterisation of the beasts within the short-stories.
The beasts may be seen as humane due to compassion, empathy and benevolence.
The beasts may be considered to be animals and their animalistic behaviour may be seen
as inhumane.
The humans may arguably be flawed as part of their human nature but overall act in a
humane way.…read more

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The girl reduces the powerful wolf to `fearful,' perhaps showing her to be inhumane.
`Throughout the novel the boundaries between good and evil are continuously blurred, leaving the
reader with moral uncertainty.' How far do you agree with this view?
How far do you agree?
The moral `goodness' of Justine and Elizabeth are not rewarded and instead they suffer
despite of or because of their good tendencies.
Frankenstein's ambition to explore mankind may be seen as initially good but then go badly.…read more

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Sardonic comedy is a large feature of many of the stories, ranging from narrative
perspective to events and characterisation.
Response to the word `darkly' may refer to black comedy and the examiner will accept
personal responses to what is considered dark comedy `a sense of humour is very individual.'
Carter's language may be viewed as comic, the juxtaposition of poetic and literary devices
with blunt and crude language may be seen as darkly comic.…read more

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Exploration of the fact that Victor created the monster and therefore sealed the destruction
of the other characters.
The creature may be viewed as a completely separate entity, with thoughts, emotions and
free will. Other perspectives such as Marxist, moral and social may be considered.
`Beautiful! Great God!' ­ Victor
Victor's very first reaction to the creature is positive and wonderful.
This moment mirrors the birth of a child and shows Victor and the creature to be connected
from the beginning.…read more



Thank you so much for these, really helped me! 

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