Key People in the Wars of the Roses

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  • Created on: 21-03-13 17:07
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Henry VI
Born: 1421
Died: 21 May 1471 at London, England
Years ruled: 1422 - 1461 & 1470 - 1471
Son of: Henry V and Catherine de Valois
Married to: Margaret of Anjou
Children: Edward, Prince of Wales
Biography: Henry VI was crowned king of both England and France when he was an infant.
During his reign his country lost the Hundred Year's War and all of its French
territories except for Calais. In 1445 he married Margaret of Anjou. At the age of 32
(1453) he suffered his first attack of mental illness and control of the country was
taken up by Richard, Duke of York. The next year he recovered and clashed with
Richard over who would rule England thus starting the Wars of the Roses. At the
battle of Northampton in 1460 he was captured by the Yorkist forces and forced to
acknowledge Richard as the rightful heir to the throne in the Act of Accord. In 1461
he lost the throne to Richard's son Edward IV. He was briefly restored as ruler from
1470 to 1471 but before the battle of Barnet in April he was captured by Edward and
sent to the tower of London where he was murdered on May 21, 1471.
Margaret of Anjou
Born: 23 Mar 1430 in France
Died: 25 August, 1482
Daughter of: René d'Anjou, Duke of Anjou and Isabel de Lorraine
Married to: Henry VI (1445)
Children: Edward, Prince of Wales
Biography: Margaret of Anjou was one of the major players in the Wars of the Roses. Married
to Henry VI in 1445, she often led the Lancastrian forces during the wars and
dictated grand strategy. She battled her arch enemy Richard, Duke of York over the
royal succession and unsuccessfully tried to place her son, Edward, on the throne.
Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York
Born: 21 Sep 1411
Died: 30 Dec 1460, near Wakefield, Yorkshire, England
Years ruled: 1454 - 1455 & 1455 ­ 1456 (Protector)
Son of: Richard of Conisburgh, Earl of Cambridge, and Anne Mortimor
Married to: Cecily Neville (1424)
Children: Edward IV
Richard III
George, Duke of Clarence (1449-1478)
Biography: The father of two kings (Edward IV and Richard III), Richard, Duke of York, spent the
later part of his life attempting to acquire the throne for his family. He served for
Henry VI as both Lieutenant of France and Lieutenant of Ireland. In 1450 he returned
to England to oppose the duke of Somerset, one of Henry's closest advisers, for his

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French possessions. Over
the next five years he clashed with the royal establishment over this and other
issues. Finally, in 1455 fighting erupted at the battle of First St. Albans where Richard
defeated the Lancastrian forces. During Henry's fits of mental illness, Richard served
as Protector. However, he died in 1460 at the battle of Wakefield.…read more


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