Karl Popper: How Science Grows?


Sociological theory- Karl Popper: How Science Grows?

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Lex_ie
  • Created on: 05-02-16 09:38
Preview of Karl Popper: How Science Grows?

First 265 words of the document:

Karl Popper: How Science Grow?
Karl Popper (190294):
Most influential philosopher of science C20
Many systems of through claim to have TRUE knowledge about the world:
Political Ideologies
Common Sense
1. What is it that distinguishes scientific knowledge from other forms of knowledgewhat
makes it unique?
2. Why has scientific knowledge been able to grow so spectacularly in just a few centuries?
The Fallacy of Induction:
Differs from Positivists, rejects inductive reasoning and verifications (error)
Induction: Process of moving from one observation to make it a general statement or law
Example: Swans
Observed Swans
Generalisation: "All swans are white" easy to make observation to verify this, but how
many swans we observe we cannot prove that they are all white
Single observation of a Black Swan will destroy the theory:
Never prove a theory just by completing more observations
Makes science unique
Scientific statement can be proven false
2 features of a good theory:
In principle a theory is falsifiable but stands up to all attempts to disprove it when
Big generalisations previously predict a large number of events so it's at greater risk as
being falsified than a more timid theory, that only tries to explain a small number of
"There can never be absolute proof that any knowledge is true, you can never be sure that
the next result will contradict the theory"

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Criticisms and the Open Society:
Theory must be open to criticism:
Science public activity: flaws in theory and better theories can be developed this is
why scientific knowledge grow rapidly
Science thrives in an "OPEN" or "LIBERAL" society (Believes in free expression and
right to challenge ideas)
CLOSED societies are dominated by one belief system absolute truth this prevents
growth of science C17 Rome
Implications for Sociology:
Believes that much sociology is unscientific because it consists of theories that cannot
be put to the…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all resources »