ICT INFO 3 AQA (Full Course)

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  • Created on: 23-06-15 11:12
Preview of ICT INFO 3 AQA (Full Course)

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1 - Future Developments
Emerging New technologies that is currently developing or will be developed over the next
Technology five to ten years, and which will substantially alter the business and social
Ubiquitous ­ widely present e.g. the telephone is ubiquitous as we now assume
that everywhere has a telephone
True voice recognition
Cyber warfare
Virtual schooling
4g and fibre optic broadband
Flexible screens
Drivers for Science needed to carry out ever more complex calculations ­ faster,
Change more powerful processors, storage space increased and more memory
Academics/military etc. wanted to communicate with each other
efficiently over long distances. So networks and eventually the internet
was developed.
When the internet begun, cyber crime begun to increase. This developed
advancements in encryption, antivirus, firewalls etc.
Transition from physical to digital. DVDS/CDS are dying. Instead
downloads have become prevalent.
Portability ­ Businesses wanted people to work on the move.
Convergence Modern IT devices such as Tablets, mobiles etc are able to combine a
range of features.
Impact on Increasing digital divide
Society Tracking of movements and actions (CCTV and GPS)
Less "normal" human interaction
Death of the high street
Rise of crime such as identity fraud

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Online gambling
Easier to stay in contact with people
Like-minded people can be brought together
1 ­ Future Developments (2)
Impact on More people will likely become teleworkers ­ easier to work at home
organisations Growth in collaboration
Increased outsourcing
Change in requirements ­ ICT skills needed
Compliance with new legislation ­ you are entitled to a free eye test
Impact on Easier to stay in touch with the office - may make it hard to `switch off'
consumers Can shop and bank online 24/7…read more

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Information and Systems
Organisation a group of people with a specific purpose. Information needs depend on:
a) Structure
b) Type of organisation
c) Size/Scale of the organisation
d) Management style
Span of control: The number of employees who are directly supervised by one
Chain of command: The path through the levels of management. Instructions go
down the level of authority and problems are referred up the lines to higher
levels.…read more

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Many low levels of workers have been replaced by automated ICT
Organisations need to be dynamic in order to cope with the rapid pace of
ICT change.
2 - Information and Systems (2)
Types of Commercial ­ Organisations who provide goods or services for a profit such as
organisation retailers, banks, accountants
Public ­ Paid for by the government/tax payers, these organisations provide a
service to the public. Examples include schools, emergency services, libraries etc.
Industrial ­ Make items or gather resources.…read more

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How ICT The role of ICT is to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of business
effects the processes.
efficiency of a Improves the accuracy of decision making which reduces risk and saves
business time and money
Reduces administration costs by automating many of the tasks once
performed by people.
ICT can improve the size of a business's potential market, for instance a
website can allow people from around the world to purchase
Electronic transfer of data can reduce costs and help improve efficiency.…read more

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Information and Systems (4)
Other Customer Relationship Management - stores and collates all data relating to
systems customers often collected by transaction processing systems. This data can then
be used to analyse customer expenditure, patterns and shopping habits. Using
this information can help target marketing and assist in decision making. As a
by-product of this you can improve customer retention through personalised
greetings/suggestions/offers/rewards. The most common example of this is
loyalty card systems.…read more

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ICT Strategy
Factors that Business Goals ­ ICT should be used in order to meet the business goals of an
influence an organisation. Using technology for the sake of it can be a costly mistake.
ICT system Finance ­ It is important that the organisation can afford any given strategy. This
strategy may also influence decisions on purchasing/leasing or phased development.
within an
Geography of clients ­ this will help determine the best approach to reach
existing customers or attract new ones.…read more

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Standards A standard is a common way of doing something. Strategic choices concerning
the purchase of hardware can be affected by standards. A company might decide
to use standard formats for storing business documents so that they can easily
exchange data with other organisations through Electronic data interchange.…read more



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