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Decreasing Birth Rate - China
· 1979 China = ¼ World · Disincentives
Population Monitored (Granny Police)
· Problems: overcrowding, Sacked
food shortages Fined
Increase no. of abortions
· Incentives
Sterilisation virtually enforced
Cash bonuses
Longer Maternity leave · Relaxed in rural areas in
Free Education 1996
Free Medical Care · Scheme = very successful
Better Childcare · 34 per 1000 (1970), 13 per
Preferential Housing 1000 (2008)…read more

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Increasing Birth Rate - Singapore
· 1960s had policy to Cheaper Nurseries
decrease birth rate Government matched Child
Development Accounts
· 1987 reversed policy as too
$3000 for 1st and 2nd Child
few workers to support
$6000 for 3rd and 4th Child
ageing population
· Incentives
Counselling discouraging
abortions
Longer maternity and
paternity leave
Preferential access to the best
schools…read more

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Ageing Population - Japan
· Fastest ageing population in Healthcare
- No. people in homes increasing
the world
- Elderly care = costly
· Record low: 2005, 1.9 - 2008 `Hurry up and die' scheme
children per woman · Advantages
· Disadvantages Greying Yen
Workforce - Japans pensioners are saving
less and spending more =
­ Difficult to find new recruits
growth in economy
­ Proportion of workers to
pensioners low Technology
­ Solution = bring in more migrant - Increase in gadgets for the
workers elderly (huge market in Japan)
Pensions
- 2005 retirement age went up
from 60 to 65…read more

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Secondary Industry Growth - China
Reasons Raw Materials
Government Policy o China has a lot of natural
o Used to be government owned, resources
now 20% are private Trade
Infrastructure o Long coastline ­ major ports
o New roads ­ improve transport
Effects
Energy
o New power stations Positives Negatives
Education
Government spent Pollution ­ 90%
o Next 20 years, 500000 million
leave to cities = growing skilled $172 billion on water polluted,
workforce environment 760000 die a year
Safety Higher standard of Workers poorly
o Few rules ­ produce cheaply
living paid
Wages
o People work for a lot less in New homes built Lack of strong
China which workers can workers in rural
afford areas (migrants)…read more

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Tourist Development - Blackpool
· Exploration ­ 1735 · Consolidation - 1912
1st Guesthouse opened by Blackpool Illuminations
Edward Whitehouse Grand Theatre
Only visitors = landed gentry · Stagnation ­ 1986
Beach = main attraction The Sandcastle and Zoo
· Involvement ­ 1819 Visitor numbers declined
1st Hotel (Lane's End) opened · Decline - 1987
by Henry Banks
Day visits declined 7.4 ­ 3.9m
1846 ­ Railway
Hotel occupancy reduced to 22%
· Development ­ 1870
· Rejuvenation - 2003
Central Pier
2004 = 11 million visitors
Promenade
2009 coastal defences, £80m,
3.2km seafront…read more

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