Human Geography Case Studies

This doccument includes all of the necessary case studies for the Poplation and Health topics of the AQA Geography AS level specification. Case studies are of course relevant to different exam boards.

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  • Created by: josh-95
  • Created on: 02-05-16 13:08
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Population
General Information
- DTM stage 1: Amazon tribes
- DTM stage 2: Uganda
- DTM stage 3: Brazil
- DTM stage 4: United Kingdom
- DTM stage 5: Germany
Uganda's Youthful Population
Overview
- Fastest growing population in the world
- Rate of 3.2% a year
- Population doubling time of 21 years
- Birth rate 44
- Death rate 11
- Fertility rate 6
- Life expectancy 55
Causes
- Economy based on export of primary products
- Open to fluctuation
- Lack of consistent tax source for government
- Limits spending on education and healthcare
- Over 70%of land is used for agriculture
- Couples have lots of children to help them look after the land
- Only 64% have access to clean water
Social Impacts
- High dependency ratio
- Absence of social security
- Cultural & religious views reduce use on contraception
Economic Impacts
- Secondary education unaffordable
- High government borrowing
- Girls sold as an economic asset
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Political Impacts
- 14% of health budget spent on contraception
- Dependant on donors
Education
- Primary education is free and universal
- Few secondary schools
- Fees to high for many
Debt Cancelling
- Been cancelled by the G8 under certain conditions
- Money must be spent on healthcare, poverty and education
- Healthcare spending has risen by 70%
- Free basic healthcare
- Education spending up 40%
- 2.…read more

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Political Impacts
- Government focusses on policies for older people, they make up the majority
- Funding diverted from elsewhere
- State pension currently costs £95bn
- Government raises retirement age
- Met with strong opposition of those who always planned to retire at a set age
Japans Lost Generation
Details
- A generation who tend to have never held down full-time jobs
- Completed education in 1990s
- Real estate bubble burst at this time
- Companies cost cut rapidly
- 20% still live…read more

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Political Impacts
- Increase tax revenue
- Each migrant benefits the government $14,000 a year
- Counter ageing population
- Location makes it a target for boat people
- 17,800 arrived like this in 2013
China's Population Problem
Overview
- Rapid population growth
- Population of 1.…read more

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France's Pro Natalist Policy
Overview
- Trying to encourage births
- Use of incentives
- Fertility rate currently 2.…read more

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Whalley
This is a village on the rural-urban fringe of Blackburn. This area had good transport links
through the A59 and to Manchester by train.
- Housing ­ tends to be larger and detached as at Calderstones
- Ethnicity ­ 96% are white British as services do not reflect migrants needs
- Mean age ­ 42 as house prices are expensive and there is a lack of social prospect
- Wealth & unemployment ­ 2.5% are unemployed with 19.…read more

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Employment Issues
There has been a major decline in jobs because of the loss of industries such as mining
and fishing.…read more

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Health
General Information
- Healthhhh
- Healthhhh
United Kingdom Health Overview
- Stage 4
- Leading cause of death is corony heart disease [60]
- 61.…read more

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Economic Impacts
- Costs £18,000 a year to treat
- Highly active retroviral therapy
- Sufferers cannot work
- Large economic burden
Lifestyle Impacts
- Big stigma
- Good education means people know how to avoid
- Quality of life is reduced
HIV in South Africa
Overview
- Most high profile case
- Government investing heavily
- 6.…read more

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Type 2 Diabetes in the UK
Overview
- 3.1 million sufferers
- 1 in 16 have it
- Grow to 4.…read more

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