How successful were the Five year plans in transforming Russian industry in the years 1941?

essay plan

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Lottie
  • Created on: 23-03-12 08:32
Preview of How successful were the Five year plans in transforming Russian industry in the years 1941?

First 288 words of the document:

How successful were the Five year plans in transforming Russian industry in the years 1941?
Successes ...
The USSR was turned into a modern state (which was able to resist Hitler's invasion).
There was genuine Communist enthusiasm among the young `Pioneers'.
new cities
dams/ hydroelectric power
transport & communications
the Moscow Underground
farm machinery
electricity
coal
steel
fertilizers
plastic
no unemployment
doctors & medicine
education.
There were new factories, electrification, growing cities, a much larger industrial workforce,
and improved communications
There was a continuation of the pre-1914 migration to urban and industrial centres which
changed the structure of society
A proletariat was created and the countryside was industrialised by collective farms
Rearmament
o Initiated a number of important innovations in Soviet technology
o Stalin took direct control of defence industry
o Central committee decreed all of the country's resources should be mobilised in
preparation for war
o Heavy Industry ­ coal production leapt
... and Failures/ criticisms
Poorly organised ­ inefficiency, duplication of effort and waste.
Appalling human cost: discipline (sacked if late) ,secret police ,slave labour -labour camps (for
those who made mistakes)
accidents & deaths (100,000 workers died building the Belomor Canal)
few consumer goods
poor housing
wages FELL
no human rights
Some historians claim the tsars had done the `spadework', setting up the basis for
industrialisation, and that Stalin's effort had very little effect on a process that would have
happened anyway.
Although results were impressive they were low when compared with western European
standards

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Failure to reach targets had led to much criticism as well as humiliation
Workers couldn't cope under the pressure
More measures were introduced
Records had been kept on workers attendance, if poor were accused of
o Sabotage of the FYP
o If guilty were sent to work in the harshest areas of Russia, e.g.…read more

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »