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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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FIVEYEAR PLANS

What were the effects of the Five Year Plans?




Nabilah Chowdhury

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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Nabilah Chowdhury

Page 3

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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Nabilah Chowdhury

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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Nabilah Chowdhury

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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Nabilah Chowdhury

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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POTENTIAL QUESTIONS


Q1. How successful were the Five-Year Plans in transforming Russian industry in the
years to 1941?

Transformed industry Didn't transform industry
Development of primary industries

Other industries were introduced e.g. textiles, Consumerism stopped half way…

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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Q2. How far do you agree that Stalin's Five Year plans (1929-41) improved the Russian
economy?

FYP's improved economy FYP's didn't improve economy

PRODUCTION
Though production increased, Gosplan's
The economy grew at 14% per year targets weren't…

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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This meant production could be
transported and wasn't left sitting idle
and could be sold/ used etc.




HEAVY INDUSTRY

This was a main focus throughout all the plans However, Purges of managers led to
as the USSR…

Page 9

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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55K senior communists had holiday
homes, chauffeur driven cars and special
consumer goods even including a private
shop.

Stakhanovites were entitles to large
financial reward e.g. cinema tickets,
increased wages.


WORKER DISCIPLINE

Political prisoners, who were described…

Page 10

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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Q3. How far do you agree that the Five-Year Plans had failed to create a successful
industrial economy in the USSR by 1941?


Factors suggesting that the FYP's failed to create a successful industrial economy by 1941:…

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