(EFFECTS OF 5 YEAR PLANS) Transforming the Soviet economy - Potential Qs

(EFFECTS OF 5 YEAR PLANS) Transforming the Soviet economy - Potential Qs

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
Page 1
FIVEYEAR PLANS
What were the effects of the Five Year Plans?
Nabilah Chowdhury

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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Nabilah Chowdhury…read more

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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Nabilah Chowdhury…read more

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Nabilah Chowdhury…read more

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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Nabilah Chowdhury…read more

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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POTENTIAL QUESTIONS
Q1. How successful were the Five-Year Plans in transforming Russian industry in the
years to 1941?
Transformed industry Didn't transform industry
Development of primary industries
Other industries were introduced e.g. textiles, Consumerism stopped half way through the
consumer goods, chemical. second plan, before the third plan and not at all in
the first.
From an agrarian to an industrial economy.…read more

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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Q2. How far do you agree that Stalin's Five Year plans (1929-41) improved the Russian
economy?
FYP's improved economy FYP's didn't improve economy
PRODUCTION
Though production increased, Gosplan's
The economy grew at 14% per year targets weren't usually met
Output exceeded production under the NEP E.g. Iron = 78% met, Steel = 71% met, Coal =
95% met.…read more

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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This meant production could be
transported and wasn't left sitting idle
and could be sold/ used etc.
HEAVY INDUSTRY
This was a main focus throughout all the plans However, Purges of managers led to
as the USSR was anticipating war with Germany stagnation in steel production.
and therefore needed to be prepared in terms of
rearmament. It remained at 18million tonnes during the
third plan ­ the same as the second plan.…read more

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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55K senior communists had holiday
homes, chauffeur driven cars and special
consumer goods even including a private
shop.
Stakhanovites were entitles to large
financial reward e.g. cinema tickets,
increased wages.
WORKER DISCIPLINE
Political prisoners, who were described as However, many workers were discontent
"white coal", were used as slave labor
This meant that they were less inclined to
o E.g. 40K prisoners built Magnitogorsk perform faster and better.…read more

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Industrialization and the Five Year Plans
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Q3. How far do you agree that the Five-Year Plans had failed to create a successful
industrial economy in the USSR by 1941?
Factors suggesting that the FYP's failed to create a successful industrial economy by 1941:
X The Plans did not reach all their targets
X There were imbalances within the Plans.…read more

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