How did Hitler become chancellor in 1933?

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How did Hitler become chancellor in January 1933?
Wall street crash
-Wall street crash happened in 1929 and caused a worldwide depression.
-This had a bad effect for the middle and working class people due to mass unemployment and
-Germany was in trouble because they were still paying reparations for WW1. 6 million Germans
were unemployed in 1932.
-Three chancellors (Bruning,, Von Papen and Schleicher) tried to solve the problem but all failed.
Hitler was seen as the last hope and offered a way out of the depression with his grand ideas for
employment and social welfare
-Germans turned to Nazism because they were desperate. The number of Nazi seats in the
Reichstag rose from 12 in 1928 to 230 in July 1932.
Attractive policies
-Hitler had policies, which appealed to everyone in society
-He wanted to rip up the treaty of Versailles, which was popular with everyone
-Provide food and work for all Germans
-Sort out communists
-Regain national pride
-Help farmers
-Hitler's SA intimidated opponents and drummed up support
-By 1935 there were 500,000 stormtroopers
-The Stormtroopers attacked Jews and people who opposed Hitler. Many opponents kept quiet
simply because they were scared of being murdered ­ and, if they were, the judges simply let the
Stormtroopers go free
Ineffective government
-Three chancellors tried and failed to sort out Germany
-Political parties would not work together and constantly argued
-Nazi party was seen as a small and weak party
-Weaknesses in the Constitution crippled the government. In fact, there were many people in
Germany who wanted a return to dictatorship. When the crisis came in 1929­1933 ­ there was no
one who was prepared or able to fight to stop Hitler.
-Hitler's party was effectively run and was a stark contrast to the other parties in the Weimar gov
-Nazi party became the largest party in the gov
-Minister of propaganda Joseph Goebbels
-Propaganda was vast and in many forms. Leaflets, rallies and movies were used
-Rallies were usually big affairs and could be very emotional
-Hitler was portrayed as the savior of Germany and campaigns focused on his personality and skills
Hindenburg gave him the job
-In November 1932 elections the Nazis again failed to get a majority of seats in the Reichstag. Their
share of the vote fell ­ from 230 seats to only 196.
-Franz von Papen (a friend of Hindenburg) was Chancellor, but he could not get enough support in
the Reichstag. Hindenburg and von Papen had to govern by emergency decree under Article 48 of
the Constitution.
-The Nazi party was one of the biggest parties in Reichstag and they were popular with the people
and this would go in favour of the gov. Hitler's policies could restore gov pride.
Nazism was a better alternative to communism
-Hindenburg offered Hitler the post of vice chancellor but he refused and demanded to be
-on the 30th Jan 1933, Hindenburg made Hitler chancellor. In the end Hitler was given power he did
not take it.


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