How did Hitler challenge and exploit the Treaty of Versailles from 1933 onwards until the outbreak of WWll?

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How did Hitler challenge and exploit the Treaty of Versailles from 1933 onwards until the outbreak
of WWll?
Hitler's aims in his foreign policy
The abolition of the Treaty of Versailles
Hitler had gained much support throughout the 1920's by condemning the Treaty of Versailles and
politicians who had signed it. He blamed many of Germanys problems on the peace settlement.
The Treaty was a constant reminder to the Germans of their humiliation in WW1. He did not
accept that the German army had lost the war so he was determined to make Germany great
The Germans hated it, especially because:
Germany only had a small armed forces.
The Saar and Danzig were under the control of the League of Nations.
The Rhineland was demilitarised.
An Anschluss (Union) with Austria was forbidden.
Germans were forced to live in Czechoslovakia (the Sudetenland) and Poland.
To unite all German speaking peoples
Hitler wanted all of the German speaking peoples to be united in a German Reich or empire. This
idea was known as Grossdeutschland which means `Great Germany'.
The expansion of German territory
The German population was growing. Hitler said the German Nation needed more Lebensraum
which means `Living space'.
The conviction that this living space could be gained only in the east, and specifically from Russia,
formed the core of this idea. This was connected with his belief that the Aryan race was

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Hitler believed he had the right to invade
eastern Europe and make the Slav peoples (such as the Poles and the Russians) Germany's slaves.
Rebuild Germanys military
Destroy communism
Achieving his foreign policy aims
To achieve his aims Hitler would need to do several things which would be in breach of the terms
of the Treaty of Versailles. The German armed forces were severely restricted under the terms of
the Treaty of Versailles.…read more

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AngloGerman Naval Treaty 1935
Hitler knew that Britain had some sympathy with Germany on the issue of rearmament. Britain
believed that the limits placed by the Treaty of Versailles were too tight and that a strong
Germany was a buffer against Communism.
So, in 1935, Britain signed a naval agreement with Germany that allowed Germany to build up
their navy to 35% of the size of the British navy and up to 45% of its submarine strength.…read more

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A plebiscite was held, January 1935 and 90% of voters chose for it to be reunited with
Germany, showing Hitler's popularity.
It was returned to Germany in March 1935.
The Nazis felt it was the first undoing of Versailles unfairness complete.
The Success encouraged Hitler to challenge more Versailles provisions.
Britain thought that it would keep Germany peace.
Hitler offered a 25year peace treaty.
He combined aggression and diplomacy to get his own way.…read more

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The union was a key aim of Hitler's who wanted to unite all German speaking peoples.
Austrian Nazi party activists murdered Engelbert Dollfuss, the chancellor of Austria.
They tried to take over their government but were prevented by Dollfuss.
The Spanish civil war brought Germany and Italy together.
The AntiCommunism pact was signed by Japan, Italy and Germany.
Hitler felt confident to take over Austria.
January 1938 the chancellor of Austria discovered AustriaNazis had been planning a
revolution.…read more

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Chamberlain believed that Hitler was a normal leader who would listen to reason. He
didn't realise, until it was too late, that appeasement encouraged Hitler.
Quite simply, the argument against the following of appeasement is that it did not stop
the Second World War coming in September 1939.
Appeasement could not possibly work because Hitler could not be trusted as he had
already broken many promises since 1933.
Arguments in support of the Policy of Appeasement
Britain was not ready for another World War.…read more

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Some people saw communist Russia as a bigger threat than Hitler. They thought that
Germany could act as a buffer, especially as Hitler was very anticommunist.
NaziSoviet Pact, Poland and WWll
NaziSoviet Pact ­ August 1939
What was the NaziSoviet Pact?
This pact came as a surprise. Fascism and communism were sworn enimes and Hitlers
ideas of Lebensraum were partly at the expense of the USSR. Hitler had never hidden his
opposition to Communism as expressed in Mein Kampf.…read more

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What impact did the NaziSoviet Pact have on Europe before World War Two?
It meant that Hitler's attack on Poland was inevtiable. Hitler had prevented the danger of a
war on two fronts, which had been the downfall of Germany in the First World War.
Hitler presumed it would prevent Britain from opposing his attack on Poland. He thought
Britain would back down as it had at Munich, especially as Danzig was clearly German and
the Polish Corridor separated Germany from East Prussia.…read more

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Poland. They offered similar guarantees of Romania and Greece. Finally, they
increased arms production.
NonAggression Pact with Poland ­ 1934
In January 1934, Germany signed a 10year friendship or nonaggression agreement with Poland.
This was signed for a number of reasons. Firstly, by signing the agreement, Hitler hoped to weaken
the existing alliance between France and Poland. Secondly, he hoped to reduce fears of Polish
agression. Thirdly, Hitler wanted to show that he had no agruments with Poland, only with the
USSR (Russia).…read more

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The Czech problem
Although Hitler was keen to unite all German speaki8ng people, he had other reasons for wanting
to control Czechoslovakia. its geographical position made it a threat to Germany, as its western
boarder came deep into German territory. It was strong militarily and economically, with an army
of 34 divisions, deposits of coal and lignite (a type of fuel) and the important Skoda armaments
factory.…read more


Mr Crook

This is a very good piece of revision work. Would highly reccommned this.

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