History notes

30 pages of compiled notes on: ToV, Weimar Germany, Nazi Germany, LoN, Causes of the Second World War, Origins of the Cold War

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  • Created by: Evin Fay
  • Created on: 09-05-12 10:57
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History Revision
The Treaty of Versailles
Clemenceau:
Wanted a harsh treaty to cripple Germany so much that they could never attack
France again
Born 1841, entered politics in 1872, prime minister from 1906-1909, and
re-elected in 1917
Wilson
Wanted to make treaty which would prevent future wars
Born 1856. Entered politics in 1910, president from 1912-1920
Lloyd George
Believed the Germany should be punished, but not as harshly as France wanted
Born 1863, Entered politics 1890, prime minister 1926-1922
14 points
No secret treaties
Free access to seas in peacetime and wartime
Free trade between nations
All countries to work toward disarmament
Colonies to have a say in their own futures
German troops to leave Russia
Independence for Belgium
France to regain Alsace-Lorraine
Frontier between Italy and Austria to be adjusted
Self- Determination for the people of Eastern Europe
Serbia to have access to the sea
Self- Determination for the people in the Turkish Empire
Poland to become an independent state with nautical access
League of Nations to be set up
Terms of the ToV

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War guilt: Germany had to accept responsibility for starting the war
2. Reparations: Germany had to pay for the war damage that the allies had, and
this sum was decided on in 1921 at £6600 million
3. German Colonies: Germany´s overseas empire was taken away and turned into
mandates. They lost Alsace-Lorraine and West-Prussia, and were not allowed to
ally with Austria
4.…read more

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Lost Bohemia and Moravia to Czechoslovakia
Lost Bosnia, Herzegovina and Croatia to Yugoslavia
Neuilly, 1919 (Bulgaria)
Lost land to Yugoslavia, Greece and Romania
Had to reduce their army to 20,000
Had to pay £100 million in reparations
Trianon, 1920 (Hungary)
Lost Transylvania to Romania
Lost Slovakia and Ruthenia to Czechoslovakia
Lost Slovenia and Croatia to Yugoslavia
Sevres, 1920 (Turkey)
Lost Smyrna to Greece
Syria became a French mandate
However, the Turks challenged the treaty and a revised solution, the Lausanne treaty
was created
The Weimar…read more

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Spartacists were defeated.
Luxemburg and Liebknecht were killed. However, in Bavaria, a soviet republic was
declared. Ebert sent in the Freikorps again and a further 600 communists were killed.
Right-wing
In March, 1920, Dr. Wolfgang Kapp led 5000 Freikorps into Berlin to start the Kapp
Putsch. The army refused to fire on the rebels and the only thing that stopped the
rebellion from succeeding was the fact that the workers of Berlin went on strike. Kapp
soon realized he couldn´t win and fled the country.…read more

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Achievements
Economy:
Negotiated the Dawes plan, a loan from the USA
Reparation payments were spread out over longer time
He got the economy out back to the production rate from before the war
Cultural:
Culture flourished in Germany
A golden age for the cinemas, with Marlene Dietrich and Fritz long
Clubs were a major pastime
Politics:
Became more stable and anti-Weimar parties lost votes
Foreign policy:
Locarno treaties signed
Germany accepted into league of nations
Negotiated Young plan
Negatives:
Economy:
American loans could be recalled…read more

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Nazi Germany
History
Munich Putsch…read more

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Also, by 1928 party membership was 100,000 and Goebbels had been appointed by
Hitler to take care of propaganda.…read more

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Rise of the Nazis
Negative Cohesion also played an important part, as people supported the Nazis
because they disliked things which the Nazis also disliked, such as communists,
democracy and the Weimar culture.…read more

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Timeline:
1932: Nazis are largest party, but Von Papen named chancellor
Nov 1932: Nazis again largest party, but fewer votes than before.…read more

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Nazi control
SS
This was devout organization led by Heinrich Himmler. They did many things, among
them destroying opposition and carrying out racial policies. One important part of the
SS was the Death´s head, which was in charge of the concentration camps.
Gestapo
These were the secret police who dealt with opposition supporters who spoke out
against Hitler. They were often helped by tips and giveaway´s from the population.
Police and courts
Top jobs in the Police Force went to Nazis who reported to Himmler.…read more

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