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History Revision
The Treaty of Versailles
Clemenceau:

Wanted a harsh treaty to cripple Germany so much that they could never attack
France again
Born 1841, entered politics in 1872, prime minister from 1906-1909, and
re-elected in 1917

Wilson

Wanted to make treaty which would prevent future wars
Born 1856. Entered…

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1. War guilt: Germany had to accept responsibility for starting the war
2. Reparations: Germany had to pay for the war damage that the allies had, and
this sum was decided on in 1921 at £6600 million
3. German Colonies: Germany´s overseas empire was taken away and turned into
mandates.…

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Lost Bohemia and Moravia to Czechoslovakia
Lost Bosnia, Herzegovina and Croatia to Yugoslavia

Neuilly, 1919 (Bulgaria)

Lost land to Yugoslavia, Greece and Romania
Had to reduce their army to 20,000
Had to pay £100 million in reparations

Trianon, 1920 (Hungary)

Lost Transylvania to Romania
Lost Slovakia and Ruthenia to Czechoslovakia…

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communists and after days of street fighting the Spartacists were defeated.
Luxemburg and Liebknecht were killed. However, in Bavaria, a soviet republic was
declared. Ebert sent in the Freikorps again and a further 600 communists were killed.

Right-wing

In March, 1920, Dr. Wolfgang Kapp led 5000 Freikorps into Berlin to…

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Achievements

Economy:

Negotiated the Dawes plan, a loan from the USA
Reparation payments were spread out over longer time
He got the economy out back to the production rate from before the war

Cultural:

Culture flourished in Germany
A golden age for the cinemas, with Marlene Dietrich and Fritz long…

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Nazi Germany
History




Munich Putsch

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Also, by 1928 party membership was 100,000 and Goebbels had been appointed by
Hitler to take care of propaganda.

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Rise of the Nazis




Negative Cohesion also played an important part, as people supported the Nazis
because they disliked things which the Nazis also disliked, such as communists,
democracy and the Weimar culture.

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Timeline:

1932: Nazis are largest party, but Von Papen named chancellor
Nov 1932: Nazis again largest party, but fewer votes than before. Von
Schleicher named chancellor
Jan 1933: Nazis again largest party, secret government meeting, and Hitler is
appointed chancellor

Rise to dictatorship

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Nazi control

SS

This was devout organization led by Heinrich Himmler. They did many things, among
them destroying opposition and carrying out racial policies. One important part of the
SS was the Death´s head, which was in charge of the concentration camps.

Gestapo

These were the secret police who dealt…

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