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Modern World History…read more

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An Activity Overview-1905 to 1918
britain/1905-1918act.shtml…read more

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The Liberal Reforms…read more

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The Liberal Reforms
A study of poverty in 1901 by Seebohm
Rowntree found that in a society
where those who didn't workdidn't
eat, there were three times in
people's lives when they were
especially vulnerable:
as a young child
when they were old
when they were sick or unemployed…read more

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The Liberal Reforms
After 1906, the Liberal government, with Lloyd George as Chancellor of the Exchequer,
introduced reforms to help these three groups:
In 1906 local authorities were allowed to provide free school meals.
The 1908 Children and Young Persons Act introduced a set of regulations that became
known as the Children's Charter. This imposed severe punishments for neglecting or
treating children cruelly. It was made illegal to sell cigarettes to children or send them
out begging. Separate juvenile courts were set up, which sent children convicted of a
crime to borstals, instead of prison.
Old age
In 1908 pensions were introduced for the over 70s, which gave them 5s a week, or 7s
6d to a married couple. Old people cried as they collected their pensions, and said: 'God
bless Lloyd George'.
In 1909 labour exchanges were set up to help unemployed people find work.
The 1911 National Insurance Act was passed. Part 1 of the act gave people the right
to free medical treatment, and sick pay of 10s a week for 26 weeks in return for a
payment of 4d a week. Part 2 of the Act gave people the right to unemployment pay
(dole) of 7s 6d a week for 15 weeks in return for a payment of 2½d a week.…read more

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