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Britain, 1483-1529 Revision
The continuation of the Tudor monarchy under Henry VIII
Henry VIII Personality:
Young and ambitious Renaissance Prince ­ 17 years old.
Henry became heir to the throne after Arthur's death in 1502.
Henry VIII wasn't sent to Ludlow Castle to learn the arts of government, as was…

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The king also set up Oyer and Terminer across the country to hear grievances against
the late King's agents.
These commissions' uncovered only petty complaints and little evidence of any sustained
oppression; nevertheless Empson and Dudley were executed to satisfy public demand for
revenge and the King's need for a…

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Henry VIII hated paper work and so the privy chamber were most favourably placed to
sense when the king was in the mood to sign paper ­ close relationship.

The rise of Thomas Wolsey:
Thomas Wolsey was an academic and churchman who rose through the ranks of noble
and royal…

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Domestic Policies
Administrative Efficiency:
There was no major reform of government administration under Wolsey.
Henry VIII kept most of his fathers experienced officials to ensure continuity in
In 1526, the king demanded reform of the royal household after he concluded that he had
been denied access to counsellors through…

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Wolsey changed Common Law ­ which was a system of justice that had prevailed since
the Norman conquest of 1066 and was based on court decisions, customs and usages rather
than on codified written law therefore cases could be decided on a technicality ­ to a
second system to the…

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of Sir Amyas Paulet, who had ­ during Wolsey's church years ­ taught Wolsey a lesson about
humiliation and grace by putting Wolsey in the stocks. When Wolsey became Chancellor he made
sure that Paulet was revenged and Wolsey did this by summoning Paulet to appear before him but

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Financial Management
Tax Reform:
Wolsey's most significant and lasting achievements were in tax reform.
The old system of Fifteenths and tenths was inefficient as it raised insufficient income.
Wolsey aimed to replace these taxes with a directly assessed subsidy. He was assisted
by John Hales, a judge in the Court…

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The resistance to the Amicable Grant was the most serious breakdown in Law and
order in England whilst Wolsey was the King's chief minister.
Many historians see the Amicable Grant and its outcomes as the start of the end for Wolsey.

Economic Issues:
Tudor England suffered from serious economic…

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Relations with Parliament and the Nobles
Wolsey never had a monopoly of power over parliament and the nobility because
essentially his pre-eminence could only last as long as Herny supported him.
Henry made Wolsey and he also had the power to break him.

Many historians have criticised Wolsey's attitude…

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On the other hand there is no clear evidence that Wolsey was completely hostile to the
The Earl of Worcester considered the Chancellor to be a good friend and Wolsey tended
to use a carrot and stick policy in many ways, by holding out desirable appointments for
the nobles…


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