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Glacial and fluvioglacial deposition landforms:

Glacial deposition landform Description Process
Erratics A large block of rock that has been moved from Boulders are picked up by the glacier and carried
one area and deposited in another different area. for many kilometres, to be deposited in areas of
completely different lithology/geology.…

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Push moraines It can be recognised by the orientation of If the climate cools for some time leading to a
individual stones that have been pushed upwards glacial advance, a previously deposited moraine
from their original horizontal positions. may be shunted up into a mound.

Drumlins Smooth, elongated mounds of…

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Outwash plains (sandur) Outwash plains are found in front of the glacier's They are deposited by meltwater streams
snout. They consist of material that was brought issuing from the ice either during summer or
down by the glacier and then picked up, sorted when the glacier melts. The material may…

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Kames and kame terraces Mounds of fluvioglacial material (sorted and They are deltaic deposits left when meltwater
often stratified ­ found in layers, such as coarse flows into a lack dammed up in front of the
sands and gravel). glacial snout by recessional moraine deposits. As

the ice retreats, the…

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Kettles Detached blocks of ice which form depressions These form from detached blocks of ice, left by
and fill with water when the ice melts, forming the glacier as it retreats, and then partially
small lakes. buried by the fluvioglacial deposits left by

meltwater streams. When the ice block melts,…


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