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Gender in Conversation

Feature Research Comment

Robin Lakoff (1975) Women's vocab includes trivial words because
Women's Work they are relegated to decisions about such
Words unimportant subjects.
Mira Komarovsky (1962) 58 working class USA couples, women spoke
(Topics talked about family, personal matters. Men spoke
about) about money, business, sport,…

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Women use `you know' 5 times more than men.
NOT uncertainty but again doing
Cameron and Coates conversational work.
Help statements to become negotiable and eve
Jennifer Coates (1996) retractable, depending on the rest of the
group's comments.
Men hedge less.

Hypercorrect Robin Lakoff (1975) Women more likely to…

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"There is a danger of the language becoming vague and insipid if we are
to content ourselves with women's expressions"

Lakoff - believed women used the features because they were uncertain,
non-committal and didn't want to impose their view on anyone.
Lakoff concludes,

"The ultimate effect of theses discrepancies is…

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Boys used more sound effects and
direct requests.
Goodwin (1990) Philadelphia ­ boys used explicit commands
Girls used mitigated directives and modal

Jenny Cheshire ­ boys use more non-standard forms. (Reading Study)

Dominance, Difference and Deficit Approaches

Deficit Model ­ Women's language is assumed to be weak in relation…


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