GCSE Spanish Grammar rules

this has a lot of grammar rules and constructions you can use to improve your Spanish grade. I made it so i hope it works for you as it did for me.

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  • Created by: kevsev
  • Created on: 12-01-13 15:21
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GCSE Spanish Grammar Revision Notes
NOTES
Due to the fact that my laptop could not use accents and inverted
question or exclamation marks I could not use them, so I
apologise.
The notes are to be used in conjunction with your Vocabulary
notes.
I hope the notes help!
BUENA SUERTE!
Verbs
In Spanish verbs are singular or plural and are governed by a set of
persons .

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Page 2

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First Person I
2. Second Person You
3. Third Person He/ She/ It/ They
SUBJECT PRONOUNS AND POSSESIVE
ADJECTIVES
Subject pronouns indicate who is performing the action of a verb. The
Subject Pronouns are :
Yo I
Tu You
El, ella, usted He, She, You
Nosotros We
Ellos, ellas, ustedes they
Possesive Adjectives are used to express ownership. They go BEFORE
the noun in question.…read more

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Articles
ALL ARTICLES GO before THE NOUNS!
Definite Articles
They ALL mean `THE'
El
Los
La
Las
Indefinite Articles
They are used for less specific items.…read more

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With an adjective/s :
Lo + Adjective = The { x } thing
X = Adjective
For example :
Lo malo que The bad thing
Lo interesante que ­ The interesting thing
Lo fenomenal que ­ The phenomenal thing
Lo emocionante que ­ The exciting thing
Que es lo que te mas te gusta de tu escuela?
What do you like most about your school?
En mi escuela lo bueno es mis profesores son simpaticos.…read more

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Eg. 2. What I think is that there is too much pollution in the sea.
Lo que pienso es hay mucha pollution en el mar.
The business of/ the matter of
Eg. 1. Let us discuss the matter of environmental pollution.
Debemos discutir lo de la pollucion del medio ambiente.
Eg. 2. Let us speak about the matter of our school party.
Debemos hablar lo de la fiesta de nuestra escuela.
Some Fixed Expressions with LO
El frances no es lo mio.…read more

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NB. These expressions or grammatical concepts can be applied to
most topics but I learnt it in conjunction to speaking about your Town
and Country and giving your opinions of it.
Isimo + Isima
These two words would coincide with English suffixes and they both
express the idea of `REALLY'. They are attached to the end of
adjectives.
Eg. Para tener exito en su examen espanol su conocimiento de mucho
vocabulario es IMPORTANTISIMO.…read more

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Noche, yo me acuesto ­ Tonight I will sleep
Also used to express THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
P. C. T. = Estar {conjugated} + The Gerund { Ar verbs ­ Ando Er/
Ir verbs Iendo}
Estoy escribiendo. I am writing
Question words = Do/ Does/ Shall
Comes? Do you eat?
Juege? Does he play?
FORMATION OF THE PRESENT TENSE
AR verbs
O
As
A
Amos
AN
Eg.…read more

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O
Es
E
Emos
En
Eg. Vivir
Vivo
Vives
Vive
Vivemos
Viven
NB. THIS MUST BE PRACTICED OFTEN!
Expressing Distances
1. Estar a + distance + andando {walking} Conduciendo {driving}
Esta a tres kilometros andando.
Esta a una hora conduciendo.…read more

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Tardar + time= To take
Tardo cinco minutos en llegar al / a la / a
I took 5 minutes to arrive at.................
3.…read more

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Eg. Has comido? Have you eaten?
IRREGULAR PERFECT TENSE VERBS
Abierto
Cubierto
Dicho
Escrito
Hecho
Muerto
Puesto
Roto
Visto
Vuelto
Verbs that have a VOWEL before the er/ir ending put an accent over the
i.…read more

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