GCSE French: The Present Tense

An easy peasy explanation of the present tense. Ignore the somewhat random comments...it was written for my boyfriend so he could understand it XD But it is nicely colour coded. More to come soon.

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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 24-01-10 20:45
Preview of GCSE French: The Present Tense

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The Present Tense
Use: when talking about something that happens regularly (every
Saturday I go shopping) or something that is happening now (I am
reading).
Lets do regular verbs first, even though they're boring and stupid
and should go die. Irregular verbs are far more entertaining. Most
verbs that you see will follow these patterns though ^_^
-er
Lets use acheter (to buy), because I can't think of -er verbs that
are regular.
Get some imaginary scissors and cut off the ­er. It's infectious,
touch it and die. But the poor ickle verb can't survive without a
nice ending, so lets make it happy again :D
If you remove ­er from acheter you get achet ­ this being it's
stem. Which is what we add the following happy endings to.
Je e
Tu es
Il/Elle/On e
Nous ons
Vous ez
Ils/Elles ent
Je + achet + e = j'achete
Tu + achet + es = tu achetes
Il + achet + e = il achete
Nous + achet + ons = nous achetons
Vous + achet + ez = vous achetez
Ils + achet + ent = ils achetent
Remember ­ il, elle and on never end with an s.

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Page 2

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Okay, finir (to finish) is the only regular ­ir verb I can come up with.
So there we go.
Exactly the same as before, make a nice little stem by snipping
off the ­ir. And our stem just so happens to be fin (I'm enjoying all
this colour coding far too much).…read more

Page 3

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Nous + perd + ons = nous perdons
Vous + perd + ez = vous perdez
Ils + perd + ent = ils perdent
Irregular verbs
Now we can move onto all the wonderful irregular verbs :D I'll even
group them by verb ending, though it won't do you much good
seeing as they're irregular. But whatever.
Aller (to go)
There isn't really a stem for aller, it's awkward.
Je vais
Tu vas
Il/Elle/On va
Nous allons
Vous allez
Ils/Elles vont
So then we get...…read more

Page 4

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Vous avez
Ils/Elles ont
Je + ai = j'ai
Tu + as = tu as
Il + a = il a
Nous + avons = nous avons
Vous + avez = vous avez
Ils + ont = ils ont
Devoir (to have to)
Although in English it mostly comes out as I must, sometimes I
have to though.…read more

Page 5

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Je + peux = je peux
Tu + peux = tu peux
Il + peut = il peut
Nous + pouvons = nous pouvons
Vous + pouvez = vous pouvez
Ils + peuvent = ils peuvent
Être (to be)
Je suis
Tu es
Il/Elle/On est
Nous sommes
Vous êtes
Ils/Elles sont
Je + suis = je suis
Tu + es = tu es
Il + est = il est
Nous + sommes = nous sommes
Vous + êtes = vous êtes
Ils + sont =…read more

Page 6

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Tu + fais = tu fais
Il + fait = il fait
Nous + faisons = nous faisons
Vous + faites = vous faites
Ils + font = vous font
Now lets make some sentences ^_^ or rather, I make some
sentences and you read them.…read more

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