Slides in this set
Functionalism & Religion
See society as a system of interrelated parts or social
institutions, such as religion, the family and parts of the
Society's most basic need is the need for social order and
solidarity so that its members can cooperate
· How do you get social order?
Consensus about society's shared norms & values…read more
Society is like an organism, (organic analogy) with
basic needs that it must meet in order to survive.
· These needs are met by the different institutions.
· Each institution performs certain functions and meets
the systems need.
Social solidarity…read more
The collective conscience
· Sacred symbols represents a collective
· Regular shared religious rituals reinforce the shared
values and maintain social integration.
· Participating in shared rituals binds individuals
· In this sense religion also performs an important
function for the individual, by making us feel part of
something greater than ourselves.
· It strengthens and motivates us.…read more
· Essence of all religion could be found by studying it in its simplest form.
· Studies of an aboriginal tribe of whom performed rituals towards a totem.
· For Durkheim this worship is in reality for society, although they are
unconscious of this.
· It inspires feelings of awe because it represents the power of the
holy meaning Everything in our
Sacred Profane ordinary
Evoke strong everyday lives
awe & respect…read more
· Totem = plant, bird, animal seen to have holy qualities
· It is a symbol of the clan
· It is a symbol of the divine spirit that watched over them
Tribe worshipping the spirit
= Tribe worshipping the clan & their society…read more