Definitions of Religion

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  • Theories of Religion
    • Substantive Definition
      • Belief in a God or the supernatural
      • Content of religious beliefs
      • Weber- Belief in a power that isn't scientifically explained
      • Exclusive theory- clear line between religious and non religious beliefs
    • Functional Definition
      • Social or psychological functions religion preforms
      • Durkheim- Religion is related to social integration
      • Religion answers the ultimate questions
      • Inclusive theory- include wide range of beliefs that perform functions
    • Social Constructionist Definition
      • How members of society themselves define religion
      • Not possible to produce a universal definition
      • Religions are influenced by who has power


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