Pages in this set

Page 1

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Page 2

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RATES OF REACTION
The rate of a chemical reaction is determined by HOW FAST a reaction occurs (this is
the rate of reaction):

TYPES OF REACTION: V
ERY FAST ­ an explosion e.g. dynamite F
AST ­ group 1 metals + water S
LOW ­ zinc + acid V
ERY…

Page 3

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pH.

Page 4

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Page 5

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Electrons found in a shell around the nucleus
Catalysts Enzymes
Manganese Dioxide ­ Making O
2 from peroxide
hydrogen
Amylase
Platinum, Rhodium & Palladium ­ used in car exhaust pipes
Protease
Nickel - making margarine Lipase



ATOMIC STRUCTURE &
CHEMICAL BONDING
Neutrons
· relative charge: 0
· relative mass: 1…

Page 6

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Page 7

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POTASSIUM'S ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE
Atoms transfer electrons in chemical bonds to try and achieve a full outer shell ­ as it is MORE
STABLE

.
IONS Ions are electrically atoms or groups of atoms. They are formed by the loss or gain of
electrons
Type of Ion Charge
Metal Atoms&Ions Positively…

Page 8

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:
O2-

·

C
HLORIDE

:


Cl- IONIC BONDING
Ionic bonding includes the gain or loss of one or more electrons from an atom
-to obtain a FULL OUTER SHELL
Ionic Bonding only occurs between: METALS AND NON-METALS (1metal+1non-metal)

K
2,8,8,1

Page 9

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Page 10

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EXAMPLES:

Na
Cl
NaCl


Na
Mg
Mg
Cl
O
O
MgO

Comments

johnny zhang

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OMG, its sooooo neat, how could you have the time to create this???

clare_

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OMGGGGGG these notes are amazing!!!! THANKYOU SOOOOO SOOOO SOOOO MUCH :D

Hafsa

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is this only fr paper 1?

Paige

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do you have any other full notes for other subjects?

Shail Shah

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#respect. Apart from the highly admirable fact that the notes are very neat and to-the-point, your kind gesture of sharing this with others is truly appreciated. Thanks once again.

Hannah

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OMG thank you so much this is so beautiful and helpful and I'm crying since exams are only 2 months away but this has saved my life thank you thank you

Hannah

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OMG thank you so much this is so beautiful and helpful and I'm crying since exams are only 2 months away but this has saved my life thank you thank you

paddlergirl1306

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AMAZING !!!!!

mirandaferg

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<3

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Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1

Page 2

Preview of page 2
RATES OF REACTION
The rate of a chemical reaction is determined by HOW FAST a reaction occurs (this is
the rate of reaction):

TYPES OF REACTION: V
ERY FAST ­ an explosion e.g. dynamite F
AST ­ group 1 metals + water S
LOW ­ zinc + acid V
ERY…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
pH.

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Electrons found in a shell around the nucleus
Catalysts Enzymes
Manganese Dioxide ­ Making O
2 from peroxide
hydrogen
Amylase
Platinum, Rhodium & Palladium ­ used in car exhaust pipes
Protease
Nickel - making margarine Lipase



ATOMIC STRUCTURE &
CHEMICAL BONDING
Neutrons
· relative charge: 0
· relative mass: 1…

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Page 7

Preview of page 7
POTASSIUM'S ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE
Atoms transfer electrons in chemical bonds to try and achieve a full outer shell ­ as it is MORE
STABLE

.
IONS Ions are electrically atoms or groups of atoms. They are formed by the loss or gain of
electrons
Type of Ion Charge
Metal Atoms&Ions Positively…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
:
O2-

·

C
HLORIDE

:


Cl- IONIC BONDING
Ionic bonding includes the gain or loss of one or more electrons from an atom
-to obtain a FULL OUTER SHELL
Ionic Bonding only occurs between: METALS AND NON-METALS (1metal+1non-metal)

K
2,8,8,1

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Page 10

Preview of page 10
EXAMPLES:

Na
Cl
NaCl


Na
Mg
Mg
Cl
O
O
MgO

Comments

johnny zhang

Report


OMG, its sooooo neat, how could you have the time to create this???

clare_

Report

OMGGGGGG these notes are amazing!!!! THANKYOU SOOOOO SOOOO SOOOO MUCH :D

Hafsa

Report

is this only fr paper 1?

Paige

Report


do you have any other full notes for other subjects?

Shail Shah

Report

#respect. Apart from the highly admirable fact that the notes are very neat and to-the-point, your kind gesture of sharing this with others is truly appreciated. Thanks once again.

Hannah

Report

OMG thank you so much this is so beautiful and helpful and I'm crying since exams are only 2 months away but this has saved my life thank you thank you

Hannah

Report

OMG thank you so much this is so beautiful and helpful and I'm crying since exams are only 2 months away but this has saved my life thank you thank you

paddlergirl1306

Report

AMAZING !!!!!

mirandaferg

Report

<3