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WHY WAS THE COUP OF BRUMAIRE
SUCCESSFUL? (NAPOLEON 1799)
· Historian: Alexis de Tocqueville believed that the state of mind of the public and
the disposition of the army was the reason behind the success.
FACTOR WHICH CONTRIBUTED TO COUP SUCCESS?
ROLES OF SIEYES AND NAPOLEON
STATE OF PUBLIC OPINION
DISILLUIONMENT WITH THE DIRECTORY
SUPPORT OF THE PROPERTY- OWNING CLASSES
POLITICAL APATHY
ROLE OF THE ARMY
THE CONTRIBUTION OF LUCIEN BONAPARTE AND SUPPORT AMONG THE
ANCIENTS AND THE FIVE HUNDRED…read more

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ROLES OF Sieyès AND NAPOLEON
(COUP OF BRUMAIRE)
· Napoleon had control of the Paris garrison which numbered 100,000.
· Directors relied on Napoleon too much as they planned to use him and the military
to strengthen the government by changing the election system.
· Napoleons speech was greeted with cries of `outlaw the dictator' and anger which
nearly ruined the coup.
· Abbe Sieyès was one of the Directors so in a prime position to hatch the coup.
· Napoleon acted in a hesitant and indecisive manner with the Council.
· Napoleon demanded the loyalty of the Army and this was a key feature in the coup
as the council was forced to agree to a new government.
PERSON ROLE
Napoleon Head of the Paris garrison, army loyal to
him
Sieyès One of the Directors, hatched the coup
and the one who chose Napoleon…read more

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STATE OF PUBLIC OPINION (COUP OF
BRUMAIRE)
· Alexis de Tocqueville: `The state of mind of the public' was a prime cause of the coups success.
· Pamphlets were handed out to blacken the recorded
of the Directory e.g. `The Sate of France at the end of
year VIII'.
· Poverty and hunger due to the declining economic
state (trade and industry)
· Breakdown of law and order with royalist rebellions in
the west
· Threat of invasion with the second coalition armies
· Talk of a Bourbon restoration.…read more

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DISILLIOUSIONMENT WITH THE
DIRECTORY (COUP OF BRUMAIRE)
OPPOSITION
Opposition: Royalists, extreme republicans, Catholics, and
property owners. The Directory failed to quash its opponents.
WEAK AND UNSTABLE
It didn't command universal affection from the Body Polite and
was very unstable.
SLOW
Reform could not take place due to complicated political
system.…read more

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SUPPORT OF THE PROPERTY OWINING
CLASSES (COUP OF BRUMAIRE)
· The Directory lost support of the bourgeoisie
and the peasant farmers who had purchased
land from the church and nobility as they saw
how weak the government was. Their was fear
of a Jacobin or bourbon revival in which all
property gains may be seized.
· The people saw a strong leader in Napoleon
and saw him as a General who would be able
to protect the revolution and their land.…read more

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Comments

NZLHistory

This is an excellent presentation on the reasons why the coup of Brumaire was a success. It is well organised and uses diagrams to help with explanations.

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