Forecast Question for Data Response Unit 1 (Data Response): Congestion

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Forecast Question for Data Response Unit 1 (Data Response): Congestion
What will be the most anticipated lineup CONGESTION questions?
Question (a) (6m)
Reasons for the increase in the number of private cars
Data reference e.g. % of increase
Any possible two reasons rise in income, cheaper in real term, increase in lengths of roads
built
Question (b) (6m)
Relationship between private cars and bus travel
Define XED
Mention that both are substitutes with reference to extract
Both have positive XED
Explain their relationship e.g. higher ticket fares and hence more choose private cars
Diagram/ own numerical example
Question (c) (8m)
Whether bus travel is a normal good or inferior good
Define YED
Mention that normal good has YED > 0
inferior good has YED < 0 (1m)
Say bus travel is normal good supported by reference
Diagram
Evaluation e.g. argue that it is neither as evidenced by some rich people who also commute
to work by bus
Question (d) (14m)
Methods to reduce congestion
Provide any three solutions e.g. BUILD MORE ROADS, CONVERTING HARD
SHOULDERS TO MOTORWAYS, CONGESTION CHARGE, FUEL TAX,
SUBSIDIES FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT, CAR SHARING LANES
Evaluations
Question (e) (14m)
Benefits of increased subsidy for bus and rail travel
Define subsidy

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Diagram of subsidy
Provide two benefits e.g. keeping them afloat, protect jobs, reduce congestion etc.
Evaluations
OR
Effectiveness of fuel tax to reduce congestion
Define/ identify this as indirect tax
Diagram of fuel tax
Mention that it is effective for two reasons e.g. revenue to improve public transport, people
discouraged to drive etc.
Evaluations e.g.…read more

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