Fletcher's Situation Ethics

This is the summary of Fletcher's "Situation Ethics" ethical theory.

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Fletcher ­ "Situation Ethics"
Working Principles
PRAGMATISM ­ The purposed action must be practical. It must work well in theory so that
you are certain that it will work in reality. Far fetched ideas will not fall into this as they will not
work in practice.
PERSONALISM ­ Morality is personal. It is not based on irrelevant laws, and it is applied to
both yourself and morality, so it is relevant. Morality is focused on humanity, nothing else.
POSITIVISM ­ Morality is based on free, faith based decision making. Without freedom one
could not choose to act moral or immoral.
RELATIVISM ­ Morality is not based on laws. Words like "always", "ought" and "never"
and not to be used.
Fundamental Priniples
1) Agape is the only absolute principle.
2) Justice is love distributed.
3) Morality is relative to each situation.
4) Agape is selfless love which does not take favorites or pick and choose.
5) Agape is the only "thing" that is intrinsically good.
6) Love is the end, not the means to an end.
Important Knowledge
Individualism ­ The theory is based on the individual himself. It is based on pure human
Subjective ­ Decisions are made purely by the individual from within each situation.
Antilegalism ­ Fletcher was set again using laws as he believed that they restricted morality.
Laws simply imposed on the persons moral choice and often would stop them from doing the
right thing in each situation.
Teleological ­ Morality is based on the outcome of the situation.
Consequentialist ­ Morality is based on the consequence of each situation.


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