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Explain Aristotles understanding of the four causes. (25)

Aristotle was an empiricist, and believed that we gain our knowledge of the world from what
we experience by using our senses. He rejected Platos' idea that true knowledge exists in
the empirical world and that two different realms existed. He said…

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It is no longer just a lump of material such as marble or bronze that someone has picked
away it: it looks like something specific such as a person. The formal cause is the Form that
it conforms to and answers the question, `What are its characteristics?'
The fourth cause,…

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