EVERYTHING TO LEARN FOR C3.

This is not everything you need to know, but everything you need to learn. 

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Flame tests.
Lithium: Red
Calcium: Brick Red
Sodium: Yellow
Potassium: Lilac
Barium: Green
Precipitate Tests.
When added to dilute hydrochloric acid:
Aluminium: White
Magnesium: White
Copper: Blue
Iron 2+: Green
Iron 3+: Brown
When added to silver nitrate:
Chloride: White
Bromide: Cream
Iodide: Yellow
Sulphate + Barium Chloride: white.
Carbonate + Hydrochloric acid: Carbon Dioxide
Instrumental Analysis
Mass spectrometer Works out the relative mass so elements can be identified.
Chromatography Separates compounds that vaporise.
UV Spectroscopy Amounts of different substances.
Nuclear magnetic resonance How atoms are arranged.
Infrared Spectroscopy Finds out about bonds
Other tests
Unsaturated ions turn bromine water colourless.

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