Beck's cognitive theory of depression
Aaron Beck (1967) suggested a cognitive approach to explaining why some people are more vulnerable to depression than others. In particular, it is a person's cognitions that create this vulnerability, i.e. the way they think
Fauity information processing: when depressed, we attend to the negative aspects of a situation and ignore the positives. This is sometimes called black-and-white thinking.
Negative self-schemas: if we have a negative self-schema, we interpret all information about ourselves in a negative way.
The negative triad: a person develops a dysfunctional view of the themselves because of three types of negative thinking that occur automatically, regardless of the reality of what is happening at the time. These three elements are negative views about the world, the future and the…