Ethics past qs

past qs

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  • Created on: 07-05-12 08:50
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Explain Natural law theory
Natural law
based on Aristotle's idea that everything has a purpose reveealed in its design
fulfillment of telos is the supreme good to be sought
reason is the starting point for morality
morality should be known primarily through reason, secondly Christian revalation
FINAL CAUSE
depends upon this
assumes that the world is the creation og Hod thus should reveal his ultimate purpose in
creating it
human beings intelligent- able to direct themselves= take responsibility for knowing and doing
what God intends for them
human reason is required to examine and follow the sense oof purpose that God has given to
the world by virtue of being its creator
PRIMARY PRECEPTS
live
reproduce
learn
live in ordered society
worship God
Natural law is not the best approach to euthanasia
X- goes against our purpose
x- self preservation
x-vegative state= apparant reason
x-sanctity of life
x- we cannot use our reason properly if we consider such an option
:)-doctrine of double effect
:)- live peacefully in society only possible if ppl put out of pain
Explain Kant's theory of duty
To what extent is Kan't ethical theory a good approach to human embryo research?
Explain the main strengths of a Utilitarian ethical system
Asses the extent to which Utilitarian is a useful method of making decisions about abortion
Explain how religious ethics might be applied to issues of war and peace
`A religious believer could never justify war'
Explain how belief in the sancity of life may influence thical approaches to abortion
`A foetus is not a person'
Explain how Bentham's version of Utilitarianism can be used to decide on the right course of action
`Utilitarianism is the best approach to euthanasia'

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Explain the ethical teaching of a religion that you have studied
`Some religious ethics are too rigid for moral decision making'
Explain, with examples, Kant's theory of the categorical imperative
`Kant's theory has no serious weaknesses'
Explain the concept of relativist morality
`Relativist ethics are unfair'
Explain the strengths of Kant's ethical theory
`Kant's theory of ethics is not a useful approach to abortion'
Explain why a follower of religious ethics might abject to euthanasia
`Genetic engineering is ethically justified'
Explain what is meant by…read more

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To what extent is Utilitarianism a useful method of making decision about euthanasia?
Explain Kant's argument for using the Categorical Imperative
`The universalisation of maxims by Kant cannot be defended'
Explain how a moral relativist might approach the issues raised by abortion
`A relativist approach to the issues raised by abortion leads to wrong moral choices'
Explain how the followers of the ethics of the religion you have studied make ethical decisions
`Morality and religion are separate'
Explain the main differences between Act and Rule…read more

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