Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Ethical TheoriesPage | 1




KANTIAN ETHICS

Deontological theory (concerned with the actions)

Based on duty ­ acting morally is doing your duty thus obeying moral law. Our
duty is actions that are morally required ­ innate moral duty.

Conscience/feelings or guilt tell us when we violate our moral duty

Ought…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Ethical TheoriesPage | 2




UTILITARIANISM (ACT)

Jeremy Bentham ­ Greatest happiness for the majority ­ quantitative approach

Changes depending on the situation ­ relativism approach

Teleological and consequentialist theory ­ looks towards the outcomes.

The most moral acts are the ones which bring about the most please and the
least…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Ethical TheoriesPage | 3




UTILILTARIANISM (RULE)

John Stuart Mill - consequentialist

Qualitative approach ­ 2 kinds of pleasures, higher and lower. The higher are the
intellectual and therefore more important.

"It is better to be a human dissatisfied than a pig satisfied"

Intellectual pleasures include poetry & music -- as…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Ethical TheoriesPage | 4




NATURAL LAW
St Thomas Aquinas ­ Denotological, absolute

Everyone has a natural purpose (telos) ­ this was to be rational.

Being rational was the SYNDERISIS RULE ­ to do good and avoid evil is natural to
us.

It is heteronomy ­ morality is from God

Our…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Ethical TheoriesPage | 5




CHRISTIAN ETHICS
To answer ethical issues, Christians look towards THE BIBLE, PRAY,
CONSCIENCE, CHURCH, LOVE

Heteronomy ­ without God or religion there is no morality

3 main ethical principles:
1. Old Testament: covers the grounds of Christianity ­ 10 commandments.
2. Jesus: Love God, Love thy…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
Ethical TheoriesPage | 6


VIRTUE ETHICS (ARISTOTLE)
Aristotle ­ the point of engaging in ethics is to become good

"For we are enquiring to become good since otherwise our enquiry would be of no
use"

Agent focused ­ understanding the moral life in terms of what it is to be…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
Ethical TheoriesPage | 7




VIRTUE ETHICS (MODERN)

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all resources »