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English devices:
Adjacency pairs ­ Branch of linguistics in which conversation is taken in turns i.e. greeting
and then another greeting (Hi! Oh, hey!)

Allegory ­ Symbolic representation e.g. the blindfolded man with scales is an allegory of

Alliteration: `Slippery snake slid slowly'

Analogy ­ Comparison of two different…

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Foreshadowing/Foreboding: When the author/playwright or character(s) imply that there
will be a negative event in the future

Hyperbole: a form of exaggeration usually used in poetry and sometimes prose

Iambic Pentameter: A line (usually in poetry) that has five syllables in each lines but the
alternate syllable is stressed: Duh-DUH…

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Pun: Standard play on words

Refrain: A verse or phrase that is repeated at intervals throughout a sonnet, song or poem,
usually after a chorus or stanza.

Rhyming couplets: A two line lines of the same length that rhyme and complete one
thought. There is no limit to the length…

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Is the philosophical and cultural movement which holds a starting point in philosophical
thinking, suggests that scientific explanation and moral thinking isn't sufficient enough to
explain human existence. Lead by Jean Paul Satre and Albert Camus who lived by the term
`existence precedes essence'.

Medieval era:
Time period: 500AD- 1500AD…

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Renaissance era:
The 15th and 16th centuries were when this movement emerged. This
movement is also known as the re-birth of art and literature. This period
came to an end around the death of Elizabeth I in 1603
Key writers include William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe and John Donne
Humanism ­…

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Avoids traditional closure of themes/situations & erases boundaries between `high'
& `low' culture

Victorian period

Around 1830-1900
Key writers included Charles Dickens, Charlotte Bronte and Emily Bronte
Stories often had a central moral lesson e.g. A Christmas Carol taught many not to
judge one on their inherited social class


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