English analytical devices

A list of devices that can be used to sharpen analysis

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Ian
  • Created on: 30-05-13 16:16
Preview of English analytical devices

First 335 words of the document:

English devices:
Adjacency pairs ­ Branch of linguistics in which conversation is taken in turns i.e. greeting
and then another greeting (Hi! Oh, hey!)
Allegory ­ Symbolic representation e.g. the blindfolded man with scales is an allegory of
Alliteration: `Slippery snake slid slowly'
Analogy ­ Comparison of two different things that are similar in some way
Anaphora: Repetitive nature of a poem i.e `I have a dream..'
Anecdote: A brief narrative that focuses on a particular event or incident
Antithesis: A statement/argument where two opposing ideas are balanced
Assonance: Recurrent vowel sounds (creature, sleeps, sweet)
Caesura: A pause in the middle of a line
Connotation: Association that comes along with a particular word
Diction: The style of speaking or writing as a dependent choice on words. Often used to
described poets; poetic diction.
Dramatic Irony: Where the audience or reader are aware something important in the
play/story but the characters aren't aware.
Double Entendre: A figure of speech that can be devised to be understood in either of two
ways for example `To Serve Man' could be interpreted as in serving a man food or serving
Enjambment: When a sentence in a poem flows on to the next line
Euphemism ­ A term in a sentence that may be considered offensive is replaced by
something less explicit/vulgar e.g. `the old in-out' from A Clockwork Orange
Exposition: When the author/playwright interrupts the story/play to give some background
info i.e. context
Extended Metaphor: When a poet exploits a metaphor or analogy at length through a
End-stopped lines: Typical form of a sentence opposite to enjambment.
Figurative Language: When you describe something by comparing it to something else i.e.
in simile form; `as busy as a bee' or in metaphor form; `you are what you eat'.

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Foreshadowing/Foreboding: When the author/playwright or character(s) imply that there
will be a negative event in the future
Hyperbole: a form of exaggeration usually used in poetry and sometimes prose
Iambic Pentameter: A line (usually in poetry) that has five syllables in each lines but the
alternate syllable is stressed: Duh-DUH duh DUH duh DUH duh DUH duh DUH e.g. I READ a
Imperative: Word, sentence etc.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Pun: Standard play on words
Refrain: A verse or phrase that is repeated at intervals throughout a sonnet, song or poem,
usually after a chorus or stanza.
Rhyming couplets: A two line lines of the same length that rhyme and complete one
thought. There is no limit to the length of line.
Satire ­ A form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack
human vice and folly
Sestet: 7 lined verse
Simile: Making a comparison between someone or something e.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Is the philosophical and cultural movement which holds a starting point in philosophical
thinking, suggests that scientific explanation and moral thinking isn't sufficient enough to
explain human existence. Lead by Jean Paul Satre and Albert Camus who lived by the term
`existence precedes essence'.
Medieval era:
Time period: 500AD- 1500AD
Key writers: Geoffrey Chaucer e.g. the Canterbury Tales such the Franklins Tale.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Renaissance era:
The 15th and 16th centuries were when this movement emerged. This
movement is also known as the re-birth of art and literature. This period
came to an end around the death of Elizabeth I in 1603
Key writers include William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe and John Donne
Humanism ­ focus on feelings and emotions and so love was often a topic of poetry
as this was the case with John Donne. There was a lot of emphasis on arts and
education.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Avoids traditional closure of themes/situations & erases boundaries between `high'
& `low' culture
Victorian period
Around 1830-1900
Key writers included Charles Dickens, Charlotte Bronte and Emily Bronte
Stories often had a central moral lesson e.g. A Christmas Carol taught many not to
judge one on their inherited social class
Idealised portraits of a difficult life in which hard work, perseverance and love would
be rewarded
Offers social criticism such as Charles Dickens notable criticism of social class and the
levels of poverty in London i.e.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar English Literature resources:

See all English Literature resources »See all resources »