Early development of cold war

- what impact does Stalin have?

- what impact does Truman have?

- Who is most responsible for developing the cold war?

- other factors developing the cold war

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Josie Channing
Relations & Early Development of the Cold War
Stalin's actions causing relations to deteriorate:
Propaganda war: Stalin produced propaganda identifying the USSR as a
superior country appearing hostile to the US
Stalinisation: Stalin's Soviet Red Army was stationed in large parts of
Eastern Europe. Stalin wanted to expand his `sphere of influence' in Eastern
Europe in order to create a buffer zone for the security of the Soviet Union
against invasions from the West. Stalin controlled elections in Hungary
leading to a communist government in 1945 and other countries followed:
Poland, Romania, Bulgaria and Albania. He rigged elections and put
communists in positions of power in their governments. This supposed
`expansionism' of communism as viewed by the West threatened them as
they were strongly opposed to communism creating anxiety and
deteriorating relations. The rigged elections also went against the free
elections across Eastern Europe agreed at Yalta and Potsdam furthering the
divide between East and West.
Berlin Blockade: Stalin set up the blockade due to West Berlin becoming
united as he feared attack from the West. The East was becoming
significantly weaker as the West became prosperous due to help from
Marshall Aid. Ultimately the West introduced the Deutsche Mark,
symbolising prosperity of the West and initiating Stalin to block all road, rail
and canal links with West Berlin. This deteriorated relations because Stalin
was physically dividing himself from the West; the two superpowers had
reached such a low position of distrust and suspicion that they would never
reach an agreement.
Actions in North Korea: Stalin avoided direct involvement in the Korean
War but did send weaponry and aid to assist North Korea, fighting against
South Korea and the UN. The West viewed the North Korean invasion as
Stalin's attempts at spreading communism in an aggressive manner further
deteriorating relations as each side effectively fought against each other in
the Korean War.
The Iran Crisis: Stalin did not withdraw his troops, as he had agreed to do so
with the West. Britain and the USA saw it as `aggressive imperialist policy'
and confirmed their views that USSR was expanding its sphere of influence
in Eastern Europe breaking down the relationship between the Grand
Czechoslovakian Crisis: The USSR wanted control as they were one of the
last remaining democratic countries in Eastern Europe so before the
elections were held a coup d'etat overthrew non-communist personnel and
installed communist leaders. The West did little to prevent this and just
found another country easily taken by the Soviet Union. This made them
appear threatening and aggressive in their behaviour towards democracy
and the West.

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Josie Channing
Overall, Stalin's actions in the Cold War made him appear threatening and aggressive
towards the West as he was ruthless in gaining control of countries in the East and
appeared to be expanding his communism zone of control. However, this was mainly to
protect the USSR, creating a buffer zone from the West. This deteriorated relations as
neither the East nor West trusted each other.…read more

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Josie Channing…read more

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Josie Channing
Who should carry the most responsibility for the development of the cold war?
Stalin can be seen as carrying the most responsibility for the development of the
Cold War because of his ruthless tactics in gaining control over countries in
Eastern Europe. He forced communism upon countries like Czechoslovakia and
Hungary by overthrowing democratic Governments, putting in communist
members of states and rigging elections.…read more

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Josie Channing
aggressive towards Stalin and uniting the West against the East, effectively waging
war on Stalin.…read more

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Josie Channing
Other factors developing the Cold War:
Long telegram 1946: an analysis of Soviet foreign
policy emphasising the role of communist ideology,
published by George Kennan, Deputy Chief of
Mission in the US embassy in Moscow. He saw
Soviet leadership as suspicious and aggressive and
saw there would be no compromise from the USSR.
USA dropped the policy of compromise and began
to pursue containment.
Iron Curtain Speech 1946: Churchill recognised
there was an iron curtain diving Eastern and
Western Europe.…read more

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Josie Channing
spreading and evidence of Domino Theory. They saw it as aggressive
behaviour from the USSR and blamed Stalin.…read more


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