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Daniel O'Connell, "The Liberator"

The Campaign for Catholic Emancipation
Most members of the political classes believed that it would be unwise to give full political rights to the Roman Catholics.
Weren't their loyalties divided between allegiance to the Crown and to the Pope at the same time?
Therefore, all the…

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The urban middle class particularly lawyers who hoped to gain most, economically and professionally from the Emancipation
The rural middle classlinks to the peasantry and local politics were particularly important
The parish priestsbecame the most important emissaries of the Association at local level.

O'Connell was arrested in 1824 on a…

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It helped to precipitate the break up of the old Tory party and the rise of the Conservative party and
The triumph of the Whigs and their allies at the general election of 1830, and subsequently the passage of the Great Reform
Act of 1832

These years also saw the…

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Further Reform
Fears of more unrest in Ireland, together with an acceptance of the legitimacy of many irish grievances, made the Whigs
agreeable (amenable ) for further Irish reform:
Catholics were appointed to high offices in the Irish judiciary and the castle
A new national police force was established, with…

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Though O'Connell occasionally hinted at violence, the Repeal Association was a vast pressure group which aimed to arouse
and channel opinion through propaganda and large scale agitation, and thus force the governement to repeal the Act of Union.
This was, of course a tactic which had worked successfully against another…


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