LAW REVISION NOTES

AQA AS LAW : COMPREHENSIVE REVISION NOTES

Sub-Topics Included in this detailed revision pack: 

PARLIAMENTARY LAW-MAKING:

  • Influences on Parliament: The Law Commission | Pressure Groups | Politics | The Media
  • Structure of Parliament: House of Commons | Lords | Monarch
  • The Pre-Legislative Procedure:Green Papers | White Papers
  • Types of Bills: Public | Private Members | Government | Private | Hybrid
  • The Law Making Procedure:Readings | Committee Stage | Lords | Royal Assent
  • Parliamentary Supremacy: The EU | Convention of Human Rights | Devolution

CRIMINAL COURTS:

  • Types of Courts and Appeals: Magistrates Court |Crown | Supreme Court
  • Magistrates: Role | Qualifications | Appointment | Training | Retirement
  • Classification of Offences: Summary | Either Way | Indictable
  • Juries: Role | Qualifications | Disqualification | Deferral | Selection

CIVIL COURTS AND ADR:

  • Court Structure: County | High | Court of Appeal | Supreme | 
  • Track System: Small Claims Track | Fast Track | Multi Track
  • Changes to Structure: Access Justice Act | Woolf Reforms| Civil Procedure Act
  • Alternative Dispute Resolution: Negotiation | Mediation | Conciliation | Arbitration 
  • Tribunals: First Tier | Upper Tribunal | Appeal Route | Advantages & Disadvantages 

Created by Ryan Austin: Revision Tsar and Lord of Law

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AS AQA LAW UNIT 1 REVISION NOTES: CREATED BY RYAN AUSTIN




» [PART 1] INFLUENCES ON PARLIAMENT

» THE LAW COMMISSION

WHAT IS THE LAW COMMISSION
An independent law reform body set up under the Law Commission Act of 1965
68% of its recommendations have been enacted by previous parliaments…

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AS AQA LAW UNIT 1 REVISION NOTES: CREATED BY RYAN AUSTIN




» PRESSURE GROUPS

WHAT ARE PRESSURE GROUPS
Are collective groups of individuals who campaign for reform in the law
Employ a range of influencing tactics such as lobbying MP's, marches, petitions and demonstrations

SECTIONAL GROUPS
Interest groups which represent…

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AS AQA LAW UNIT 1 REVISION NOTES: CREATED BY RYAN AUSTIN




» MEDIA

WHAT DOES THE MEDIA DO
Represent public opinion in order to make a profit through sales
Transmit opinion and serve as a channel of communication leading to information flow
The media is print (Newspapers), New Media, online…

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AS AQA LAW UNIT 1 REVISION NOTES: CREATED BY RYAN AUSTIN




» [PART 2] STRUCTURE OF PARLIAMENT

House of Commons: Democratically elected MP's
House of Lords: Appointed experts chosen by Monarch by recommendation of the Prime Minster
Monarch: Hereditary member of the Royal Family

THE HOUSE OF COMMONS (THE LOWER…

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AS AQA LAW UNIT 1 REVISION NOTES: CREATED BY RYAN AUSTIN




» [PART 4] TYPES OF BILLS

Public Bills are divided into Government Bills and Private Members Bills

Government Bills: Introduced to the parliamentary procedure by a government minister on behalf of
their department. Usually become enacted as the bill…

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AS AQA LAW UNIT 1 REVISION NOTES: CREATED BY RYAN AUSTIN




ADVANTAGES OF THE PARLIAMENTARY LAW MAKING PROCEDURE
Scrutiny: Thorough procedure. Lots of opportunities to debate, discuss and examine the bill. This
leads to detailed scrutiny, ambiguity being filtered out and thus a perfected bill. Poor drafting corrected
Democratic: Democratically…

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AS AQA LAW UNIT 1 REVISION NOTES: CREATED BY RYAN AUSTIN




» [PART 6] PARLIAMENTARY SUPREMACY
AV Dicey 19th Century Constitutional Lawyer 1885: The principle of parliamentary supremacy:
Parliament has the right to make or unmake any law whatever
No person or body is recognised as having the right to…

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AS AQA LAW UNIT 1 REVISION NOTES: CREATED BY RYAN AUSTIN




» [PART 1] CRIMINAL COURTS: THE MAGISTRATES COURT
400 Courts in England and Wales
97% of the cases dealt with are criminal cases
Cases Heard by Magistrates (Or Lay Justices or Justices of the Peace)
Geographical jurisdiction

Try all…

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AS AQA LAW UNIT 1 REVISION NOTES: CREATED BY RYAN AUSTIN




» [PART 3] MAJISTRATES
Also known as Justices of the Peace
29,000 lay Magistrates
1 million cases heard by Magistrates
Approximately 97% of criminal cases dealt with by Magistrates
Sit in a bench of three with a Chairman and…

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AS AQA LAW UNIT 1 REVISION NOTES: CREATED BY RYAN AUSTIN




TRAINING OF MAJISTRATES
Judicial Studies Board Magistrates Area Training committee
Court Service and JSB set out a document each year listing minimum magistrate training

Three days of training: A weekend residential. Induction. Reading. Workshops and presentations
Three court observations…

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