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Public Health
Prehistoric Pre 3000 BC
No government established so no public health in place. Individuals
left to their own devices.
Nomadic huntergatherers
Lived in small extended families, moved from place to place looking
for food
Ancient Egypt 3000 ­ 1000 BC
No central government
Individual had to take care…

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Ancient Greece 800 ­ 400 BC
No public health schemes administered by government
Hippocratic regimen (what they ate and drank, how much they slept,
how much exercise they took, what job they did) was encouraged, up
to individual to take advice or not. Men and boys spent a lot of…

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Not only public health fell into disrepair but the people lacked the
education to understand the value of hygiene, clean water and etc.
A religion dominated society ­ regression
Lack of knowledge and questioning
Lack of education
Cramped and dark conditions meant that infection could spread easily.
People didn't know…

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whipping themselves as they thought the Black Death was god's
punishment. The church only accepted Galen's ideas.
In Arabic Empire, work of Galen and Hippocrates was translated.
Avicenna wrote `A Book of Healing' and `A canon of Medicine'
IbnanNafis tried to tackle smallpox and measles and even wrote
descriptions of…

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Town and cities lacked Romans' central organisation and willingness of
wealthy to provide water and sewerage.
Monasteries made effort to provide clean running water and effective
The wealthy had to rely on inadequate cesspits and adjacent walls or
water courses that wre little more than open sewers. Those without…

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cause disease so they were killed. Carts roamed the city collecting
corpses for mass burial in plague pits. King was thought to heal by
laying his hand on people's shoulder. Doctors were at more risk as
disease was contagious and the sick went to them for help. The Great

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Then followed work of Robert Koch who in 18751878 developed
vaccine for anthrax. He was able to link Pasteur's theory to show how
infection spread.
Women was thought to be less able then men. The first woman to
qualify as a doc pretended to be a man named Margaret Ann…

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Poor people were often housed in tenements which were damp,
insanitary and had no running water. Large families lived together in
one room and shared a toilet. Many couldn't afford to see a doc. Had
long working hours and low wages.
Philanthropists were rich people who helped the poor. They…

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to the penicillin family. However, Flemming did not have the necessary
chemical skills to purify the 'mould juice'. He tested it on animals and it
did no harm to the body tissues, so he tested it on a colleagues eye
infection and it again did not harm to the body…

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In 1798 Thomas Robert Malthus suggested that human species might
increase in no. beyond its ability to feed itself. Reduction of deaths in
childbirth meant increase in population and a greater need for family
planning. Clinics provided barrier and chemical forms of contraception
and family planning advice. The world health…


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