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Godden and Baddeley (1975), context
dependent memory experiment.
Aim:
To investigate whether a natural environment can act as a
cue for recall.…read more

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Godden and Baddeley (1975), context
dependent memory experiment.
Procedure:
· 18 participants from a university diving club
· Learn a list of 38 unrelated two or three syllable words
underwater or on dry land and then recall them either
underwater or on dry land.
· Participants were randomly allocated to one of four
conditions:
1. Learn on dry land and recall on dry land
2. Learn underwater and recall underwater
3. Learn on dry land and recall underwater
4. Learn underwater and recall on dry land.…read more

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Godden and Baddeley (1975), context
dependent memory experiment.
Procedure continued:
· Study was conducted over four days
· Each diver experienced each of the conditions after a 24 hour
delay following a scheduled dive to ensure all participants were
in the same wet and cold state.
· Were fully kitted in diving equipment.
· Divers were submerged 20 feet underwater and played a tape
recording of the word list through a diving communication
device.
· The words were presented in blocks of three with a four second
interval.
· Each list was presented twice and after a four minute delay the
participants had to write down the words, in any order within
two minutes.
· All participants used a pencil to write down the words on a
weighted clipboard sealed with plastic.…read more

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Godden and Baddeley (1975), context
dependent memory experiment.
Results:
· Recall was around 50% higher when it took place in the
same environment as learning.
· The mean number of words recalled in the dry learning
and recall condition was 13.5 and 11.4 for underwater
learning and recall.
· This contrasted with 8.4 mean recall in the underwater
learning and dry land recall and 8.6 for dry land learning
and underwater recall.
Conclusion:
· Environment can act as a contextual cue for recall.…read more

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Evaluation of Godden and Baddeley's
1975 study - Strengths
· The experiment was conducted in a realistic open water
environment for divers so the results have greater
generalisability to real life situations than laboratory
research.
· As the participants were research scientists and tested in
pairs, it is unlikely that they would have cheated by writing
down the words.
· High ecological validity…read more

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