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Vygotsky's approach to cognitive development


Children form a mental representation of the world through the development of schemas
using assimilation and accommodation
Children learn through independent exploration of the environment, without assistance or
instruction from others
Cognitive development is limited by maturational processes
Language only appears when the child is…

Page 2

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(Language is the most important way of developing cognitive ability)

Language

One way that others equip the child with strategies for thinking is through language
Vygotsky gives language a central role in thinking
Pre-verbal thought and early language = verbal thought and rational speech



Language and thinking

Vygotsky believed that…

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