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Cognitive Approach

1. a) Outline the two assumptions of the Cognitive Approach. [4 marks]

b) Describe the Attribution Theory. [8marks]

S ­ state

E ­ explain

X ­ example

One assumption of the Cognitive Approach (C.A) is that thinking directly affects behaviour.
Thinking can either be rational (reality) or irrational…

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Selfserving bias is used to protect a person's selfesteem and this can lead to `learnt helplessness'
where failure is felt to be inevitable causing depression.

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2. Describe how the Cognitive Approach has been applied to Rational Emotive Therapy. [12



One main assumption of the Cognitive Approach (C.A) is that thinking directly affects behaviour ,
and therefore an abnormality in behaviour is due to faulty and irrational thinking. This is why the

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3. a) Evaluate two strengths of the Cognitive Approach. [6marks]

b) Evaluate two weakness of the Cognitive Approach. [6marks]

One strength of the Cognitive Approach (C.A) was that it is useful and has been successfully
applied to the `real world' through its therapies to treat people with abnormal behaviour like…

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5. Explain and evaluate the methodology used by the Cognitive Approach. [12 marks]

E explain

X ­ example

E ­ evaluate

A apply

The Cognitive Approach (C.A) uses ideographic methodologies like Case Studies to examine
behaviour in detail. They do this to study those who have had brain damage to…


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