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Cognitive Approach
1. a) Outline the two assumptions of the Cognitive Approach. [4 marks]
b) Describe the Attribution Theory. [8marks]
S ­ state
E ­ explain
X ­ example
One assumption of the Cognitive Approach (C.A) is that thinking directly affects behaviour.
Thinking can either be rational (reality) or irrational (fabricated from the persons imagination and
can contribute to their dysfunctional states).…read more

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Selfserving bias is used to protect a person's selfesteem and this can lead to `learnt helplessness'
where failure is felt to be inevitable causing depression.…read more

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Describe how the Cognitive Approach has been applied to Rational Emotive Therapy. [12
One main assumption of the Cognitive Approach (C.A) is that thinking directly affects behaviour ,
and therefore an abnormality in behaviour is due to faulty and irrational thinking. This is why the
aim of Rational Emotive {Behaviour} Therapy (RE{B}T) is to alter the irrational and faulty
thinking to that of a more rational nature, because positive thinking will lead to positive
behaviour.…read more

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Evaluate two strengths of the Cognitive Approach. [6marks]
b) Evaluate two weakness of the Cognitive Approach. [6marks]
One strength of the Cognitive Approach (C.A) was that it is useful and has been successfully
applied to the `real world' through its therapies to treat people with abnormal behaviour like
depression and anxiety, to improve the quality of the lives of the patients.…read more

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Explain and evaluate the methodology used by the Cognitive Approach. [12 marks]
E explain
X ­ example
E ­ evaluate
A apply
The Cognitive Approach (C.A) uses ideographic methodologies like Case Studies to examine
behaviour in detail. They do this to study those who have had brain damage to understand more on
cognitive functions, like memory. For example in 1997 Clive Wearing had a viral infection which
damaged the structure of his brain and impaired his memory, and many cognitive psychologists
observed and studied him.…read more


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