charles darwin

about his theory of evolution

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Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin (1809 - 1882)
Charles Darwin was an English naturalist. He
studied variation in plants and animals during
a five-year voyage around the world in the
19th century. He explained his ideas about
evolution in a book called On the Origin of
Species, which was published in 1859.
Darwin's ideas caused a lot of controversy,
and this continues to this day, because the
ideas can be seen as conflicting with
religious views about the creation of the
world and creatures in it.
Darwin's finches
Darwin studied the wildlife on the Galápagos
Islands - a group of islands on the equator
almost 1,000 kilometres west of Ecuador. He
noticed that the finches - songbirds - on the
different islands there were fundamentally
similar to each other, but showed wide
variations in their size, beaks and claws from
island to island. For example, their beaks
were different depending on the local food
source. Darwin concluded that, because the
islands are so distant from the mainland, the

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Darwin's drawings of the different heads and
beaks he found among the finches on the
Galápagos Islands
Darwin studied hundreds more animal and
plant species. After nearly 30 years of
research, in 1858 he proposed his theory of
evolution by natural selection.…read more


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