CGPwned: Your Cambridge IGCSE Music Notes!

This revision guide contains the following:

  • Notes on Beethoven's Pastoral Symphony
  • A few short notes on Western Classical Music
  • Notes on minimalism, serialism, electronic music...etc
  • Includes several composers you might meet in the CIE exam
  • Music from Latin America, Africa, India, Japan and China
  • Notes on common composition forms
  • Notes on texture
  • A comprehensive glossary of terms
  • And more! :)



When music and CGP books get pwned...

Update #1: Fixed some errors, typos and added 'march'music as well as a more elaborate 'minuet and trio' section

Update #2: Added more on latin american music, 20th century styles (like impressionism and neo-classicism), western classical music

Update #3: Added a section on tango, and 3 pages of condensed notes on the Pastoral Symphony

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  • Created by: cgpwned
  • Created on: 14-03-12 12:36
Preview of CGPwned: Your Cambridge IGCSE Music Notes!

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IGCSE Cambridge Syllabus 2010 - 2011
World Music, Composition Styles, Musical Techniques and Other
When music and CGP books get PWNED...

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Standard European staff notation including dynamic, tempo and expression markings, simple ornaments and
articulation signs, treble, bass and alto clefs, key signatures up to 4 sharps and 4 flats in major and minor keys,
time signatures, intervals.
Melody and Rhythm
Major, minor, chromatic and pentatonic scales. Melodic movement by step or leap. Phrasing. Duple, triple or
irregular metre, syncopation, polyrhythm.
Primary chords: I, IV, and V(7) secondary chords: II and VI. Perfect, imperfect, plagal, and interrupted cadences.
Modulations to related keys.…read more

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Alberti Bass Broken chorded bass
Aleatoric Chance music, totally random.
Anacrusis Music starts with an upbeat.
Aria Solo song from opera or oratorio.
Boogie-woogie A distinctive style of piano jazz playing made famous by Fats Domino the American
Jazz Pianist.
Bothy Ballad Farm song sometimes sung in gibberish. Unaccompanied.
Broken Chord Notes of a chord played separately.
Cantata Short vocal composition accompanied by orchestra and tells a story.
Ceilidh Band A band which plays music for people to dance to.…read more

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Reel A Scottish dance with two or four beats in a bar and is played quite fast. Each beat
divides equally into groups of two.
Regular Metre Strong beats ­ duple, triple or quadruple.
Reverb To do with accoustics, it is the persistance of sound when the original sound stops or is
removed. It is abit like an echo.
Round Music where different parts of the tune sound well when played together.…read more

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Italian Musical Terms
Accelerando Gradually speeding up
Allargando Getting slower and broadening
Allegro Fast
Andante Slowish, at walking pace
Largo Slowly and broadly
Moderato At moderate speed
Presto Very quick
Rallentando Gradually slowing down
Ritenuto Immediately slower
Rubato Literally 'robbed time', where rhythms are played freely for expressive effect.…read more

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Ludwig van Beethoven (1770­1827)
Symphony No. 6 in F Major, Op. 68 [Pastoral] (movements 3, 4 and 5)
1 Background
Beethoven was one of the most significant composers of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, his
reputation resting on nine Symphonies, five Piano Concertos, one Violin Concerto, thirtytwo Piano
Sonatas, seventeen String Quartets, two Masses and several other orchestral, chamber and vocal
works.…read more

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The Pastoral Symphony is an example of programme music ­ music that tells a story or describes a
scene. The term was first used by Liszt, but it has since been found extremely useful as a way of
categorising music written much earlier, including such works as Vivaldi's Four Seasons. It is normally
expected that a piece of programme music will have some kind of verbal annotation attached to it, to
explain the story that it portrays or to define what is being described.…read more

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The transposing instruments used in the 3rd, 4th and 5th movements are as follows:
· 2 Clarinets in B flat: these parts are written a tone higher than they sound (so
candidates need practice in transposing short fragments of this part down a tone);
· 2 Horns in F: these parts are written a perfect 5th higher than they sound (so candidates
need practice in transposing short fragments of these parts down a perfect 5th);
· 2 Trumpets: in the 3rd and 5th movements these…read more

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Contrast is made when the harmonic rhythm changes, and by the use of lengthy crescendos and
diminuendos. Above the slowmoving harmony, the melodies are often lively and agile, with frequent
quaver and semiquaver movement.…read more

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Sonata Form fairly closely, but with a number of features that are unconventional. The
principles of this form were not firmly established until c.1830, but it is a useful basis for understanding
the structure of several movements in Beethoven's symphonies, including the first and second
movements of the Pastoral Symphony, both of which follow the pattern very closely. The 5th movement
is less clear in some respects, but the essential principles of the form are all present.…read more



Fantastic! It would be great to have an updated version to reflect the current syllabus...

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