CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I

There are several reasons why war broke out between the 'Great Powers' of Europe in the summer of 1914. Some of these causes had been developing over a very long time (long-term causes), some over a shorter time (medium-term causes) while some came about very quickly (short-term causes). These notes begin with long-term causes. 

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GCSE HISTORY CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I.

There are several reasons why war broke out between the 'Great
Powers' of Europe in the summer of 1914. Some of these causes
had been developing over a very long time (longterm causes), some
over a shorter time (mediumterm causes) while some came…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
launch an attack." (D. Thomson, Europe Since Napoleon, p528)



2. Colonial Rivalry.
Between about 1870 and 1914 the major European nations began to
gather as many overseas colonies as they could for a variety of
reasons, such as hope of economic gain, taking the raw materials
from colonies and selling…

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compulsory military service for young men. Britain did not. Armies
were large and cost vast sums to maintain. Weapons were
becoming more advanced, e.g. the machine gun or very powerful
artillery guns. Germany, France, AustriaHungary, Italy and Russia
all had armies of enormous size and expense. The British Army was…

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before and during the Boer War 18991902, e.g. sending Kruger a
message of congratulation when the Jameson Raid 1895 failed, and
selling weapons to the Boers.




6. Resentment over Alsace and Lorraine.
France's humiliating defeat by Germany in the FrancoPrussian
War 187071, and especially the loss of the border provinces…

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So we can see that there were serious disagreements over a wide
range of matters which placed the members of the two alliances in
opposition to each other. Yet this does not explain why in the
summer of 1914 war suddenly broke out. Therefore we move on to
the immediate…

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again in our lifetime."
For 10,000,000 people his words were sadly prophetic.







GCSE HISTORY: CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I.

The Austrian Ultimatum To Serbia, 23 July 1914.

These are the ten points of the ultimatum issued to Serbia by the government of
AustriaHungary following the death of the Archduke Franz…

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++ = Ciganovic was a Bosnian who worked for Serbian Railways.




*= this was rejected by the Serbian government.


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