World War 1


World War 1


  • Imperialism
  • Arms race
  • Alliances
  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand


  • Britain, France and Russia all had extensive empires, and Kaiser Wilhelm ii wanted Germany to have an empire. This made Britain, France and Russia feel threatened, and prepare themselves against Germany.
  • Britain and Germany felt threatened by each other so they kept trying to add to their navy's and military forces and weapons. Both countries wanted to be more powerful than each other.
  • Countries that felt threatened by each other formed alliances, which involved more countries in the war.
  • Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Serbian nationalist Black Hand Gang, shot Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie on the 28th of June 1914. Austria-Hungary and Serbia started the War, later involving the allies.

Overall summary

Long term causes of the First World War were imperialism, the arms race, and alliances. These all created tension between countries. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was a short term cause, which sparked the war.


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