Case Study: China's One Child Policy

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China's one child policy
The one child policy (which in Chinese is which
translates to "policy of birth planning") was introduced in 1979,
trying to restrict the number of children married urban couples can
have to one. This is because China was and still is very
overpopulated to the point where they may have a population
The Policy
Most people think that the one child policy stops every woman in
china from ahving more than one child. However, this is not the
case. Only 35.9% of China's population is part of the one child
policy. This may not sound like a big deal, but considering China's
birth rate, this one child policy has already prevented 250 million
births from when it was introduced to 2000. This policy is strongly
enforced in rural and urban areas, allowing one child per couple,
unless the first child is either female or disabled. You can have a
second child but only after a 3 or 4 year birth spacing. After that,
no more children are allowed and if any are born, the family will
receive huge fines for violating the law. They may also be enied
bonuses or promotions at their work. If a Chinese child is born
abroad, then the policy does not affect them if they do not have a
Chinese passport. In different cities, the policy does vary slightly
but overall, the idea is to reduce the population of the country by
limiting the amount of children allowed per family.
Problems with the policy
There are quite a few problems with the one child policy, as
people say it is violating human rights. This is because people are
allowed to have as many children as they like according to the
human right laws, and by creating laws and fines to try and stop
their rights, it is said to be abuse of power and unfair.
Also, there is a problem known as the "four-two-one" which
basically means that a child ahs four grandparents, two parents
and then itself as a main family. This then means that the one
child they are allowing has to support the whole family with just
one year's earnings. This means that the elderly are more likely to
end up suffering.
Moreover, if a family only has one child, the child will have a
tendency to be spoilt, meaning China will become famous for its
lack of socialisation and communication to both its neighbours and

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China as a country down on the
World rankings.
Additionally, Chinese living in urban areas are allowed to have two
or more babies whereas rural can ony have one. Urban families are
usually richer too, meaning tha tpeople living in rural areas are
going to want to move into an urban area, as they benefit in both
ways. This will mean not enough people to work in rural areas and
the countries income will decline as a whole.…read more

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Here is the population pyramid of China for 2009:
As you can see, the amount of children being born has decreased
significantly, meaning the birth rate has decrease, giving an
overall decrease in population.
The Future
China's one child policy so far has been very efficient.…read more

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The amount of children being born has decreased even more, but
the number of elderly people has increased significantly. This
means that using the dependency ratio, there will be more elderly
people depending on the working class, meaning there also won't
be as many taxes coming in to the government. This will mean
that the elderly will suffer money wise in the future.…read more


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