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The strange situation
Stage Situation Designed to measure
1 The child and carer are
places in an empty room
2 The child is free to Proximity-seeking and
explore (encouraged if secure base attachment
necessary)
3 A stranger enters, greets Stranger anxiety
carer and attempts to
play with chid
4 The carer leaves the Stranger anxiety and
child with stranger separation distress
5 The carer re-enters and Reuniting response
stranger leaves
6 The carer leaves the Separation distress
child alone
7 The stranger re-enters Stranger anxiety
8 The stranger leaves and Reuniting response
the carer re-enters…read more

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Type A : avoidant
· They do not seek proximity with, or
display secure base behaviour
towards carer.
· Show no distress when she leaves.
· No contact when she returns
· 20 ­ 25% of British 12-18 month olds
are type A…read more

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Type B : Secure
· Play independently
· Seek proximity and regularly return to the
carer (secure base behaviour)
· Moderate separation distress
· Moderate stranger anxiety
· Accept comfort from carer
· 60 ­ 75% of British 12-18 month olds are
type B…read more

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Type C : Resistant
· Explore less than other types.
· Intensely seek proximity
· Very distressed when left alone with
stranger
· Resist comfort when reunited with carer
· About 3% of British 12-18 month olds are
Type C…read more

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Type D (1986)
· Minority of children do not fit into one of
the categories.
· some may display a mixture of Type A
and C behaviour
· Mary Main and Judith Solomon classified
this blend of behaviours type D…read more

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