Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1







ATOMIC STRUCTURE

A n
atom
is
the
smal
lest
par
ti
cl
e of
an
element
w hi
ch can
exist
.
It
i
s possi
ble
to
spli
t
an
ato m
i
n t
o smal
ler

p ar
ti
cl
es,
but
t
hese
w i
l…

Page 2

Preview of page 2





Isotopes

A lt
ho ugh
the
n u mb er
of
prot
o ns
in t
he ato m is
fi
xed for a
p arti
cular el
eme nt,
t
he
n umb er of
n e utrons
is
n ot.
For
exa mp l e,
a
ca r…

Page 3

Preview of page 3





Maximum number of electrons 2 8 8 (
2)

T hee
lectr
on sf
ill
upt
hes h ell
s, be gi
n ningw itht
h s
e1 t
sh ell
(cl
os es t
t
ot h en
ucleus),
andmo v i
n go
nt

othe
n ext
shel…

Page 4

Preview of page 4





STRUCTURE AND BONDING

STRUCTURE

A ll
materi
als
have one o f
two types of
struct
ure ­
giant,
or
simple molecular.
The str
ucture
of
a
substance
d escri
bes how the particles are arranged, and should
not be
c onf
us ed
w it
h i
ts
bonding,…

Page 5

Preview of page 5





T herea
ret
hreed
i f
ferent
type so
f
b ond i
ngw
h i
chh
o ldt
o gethe r
thea toms
i
ns ubs tances.
All
t
hreea
r et
he
r esul
t of
t
h er
edist
ri
bu t
iono
f el
ectr
o…

Page 6

Preview of page 6





IONIC BONDING

I oni
cb o n di
ngo
c cursi nc
o mp oundso
f
ame t
al
w i
than
o n metal
, asw
ell
asa
mmo nium c omp ound s.
Wh e nd
i ssol
vedi nw
a t
er,
a ci
dsa
lsof
or…

Page 7

Preview of page 7





N o t
e t
hat
the
calci
um at
om has l
o st
i
ts
2
t
h
o utershel
l
elect
rons
(f
rom t
he 4 shel
l)
, so
rd
t he
next
shell
i
n mus t
be
show n
(the
3
s hell…

Page 8

Preview of page 8





PROPERTIES OF IONIC COMPOUNDS

Remember: METALS IONS ALWAYS FORM POSITIVE IONS.
NONMETALS FORM NEGATIVE IONS EXCEPT FOR
HYDROGEN (H+) AND AMMOUNIUM (NH4+) IONS.

T hei
onsf
orme dh
a veo
ppo si
tec
harges­p
o si
ti
vef
or th eme
tal
, negat
ivef
or
then
on metal
.…

Page 9

Preview of page 9





h avel
ost
ar
e`
del
ocali
sed'

­theya
r ef
reet
omo
v et
hr
oughout
thee
nti
reme
tal.

Iti
st
hee
lect
rost
ati
c
a t
tr
acti
onb
etweent
hep
osi
ti
veme
t al
i
onsi
nt
hel
att
ice,
andt
he`
cl
oud'…

Page 10

Preview of page 10





COVALENT BONDING

C o valentb
o nd i
ngo
c cur
si
ns
u bst
a ncesf
o rme do
n lyf
rom nonmetals ­i

f ame tal
i
sp
r esent i
na

c omp o und, t
heb o nd i
ngw
i l
l
bei oni
c.…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Chemistry resources:

See all Chemistry resources »