Slides in this set
· On the 16th August 1819, approximately 60,000 men, women
and children gathered in St Peter's Field in Manchester.
· The protestors carried banners on which s were slogan
written on them such as "Liberty and Fraternity", "Reform or
Death" and "Votes for all".
· The 60,000 men, women and children had gone to hear a
speech from Henry Hunt who would come to criticise the
government and demand parliamentary reform.
· Many had expected trouble during the event so, local
magistrates called out 400 special constables and the
Manchester Yeomanry, (which is militia recruited from local
businessmen, farmers and lesser gentry.)…read more
· Standing ready for any trouble was also Henry Hunt, who had
been sensing trouble , offered to give himself up if there was
any violent actions. However the magistrates preferred him to
begin addressing the crowd
· But Later in Hunts speech the Magistrates became more
fearful and came to the conclusion that Manchester was now
in "great danger", ordered the Deputy Constable, Joseph
Nadin, to arrest Hunt and the other speakers.
· However, Nadin had said he and the constable would be
unable to arrest the speakers without help from the military.
· The Yeomanry moved into help…read more
· In the uprising the Calvary had to force their way
through the crowd, so that they could rescue the badly
· Overall, 11 people were killed and hundreds seriously
injured including both women and children.
· Within the country this event was seen as a disgrace as
British troops had charged in and killed their own people.…read more
· Many Radicals nicknamed the event referring to the
massacre as "Peterloo" in mocking reference to the
British victory over the Napoleon at Waterloo.
· Publicly, the government seemed very pleased, for
example, Lord Sidmouth, congratulated the
magistrates and Hunt was imprisoned for 2 years.
· Privately, though the government blamed the
magistrates for over- reacting.…read more