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UNIT TWO GCSE LAW
Actus Reus
CRIMINAL LAW Mens Rea

Killing must be unlawful Intention to kill or cause GBH
MURDER
Causation must be established Causation must be established
"Where a person of sound mind
The victim must be human Foresight of consequences
unlawfully kills any reasonable
The victim must…

Page 2

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VOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER

Diminished responsibility: Homicide Act 1957, Section 2
If charged with murder, a defendant may plead one of the partial defences to murder. A judge therefore may
give a discretionary life sentence; often lesser sentences are handed out. REMEMBER: a defendant cannot be
charged with voluntary manslaughter as this…

Page 3

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INVOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER

Gross negligence manslaughter
Including: parent to child, employer to employee, through contract or
1. Defendant owed the victim a legal
part of a job. It may arise simply because a person ought to have
duty of care.
realised that their actions would directly affect the other person.

Breach…

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NON-FATAL OFFENCES AGAINST THE PERSON
Offence Act Actus Reus Mens Rea Key case
Criminal
Intention or recklessness that
Justice Act To cause apprehension of immediate,
Assault the victim would be caused R v Ireland
1988, section unlawful force.
by this apprehension of force.
39

Criminal
Intention or recklessness that
Justice…

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OFFENCES AGAINST PROPERTY
Offence Act Actus Reus Mens Rea Key case
To act dishonestly with the
Theft Act
Theft Appropriate property, belonging to another. intent to permanently R v Morris
1968, section 1
deprive.

To steal and immediately before or at the
To act dishonestly with the
Theft Act time…

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GENERAL DEFENCES TO CRIME
Insanity
Key terms: 1. Defendant must have been suffering from a `disease of the
mind' such as diabetes and epilepsy.
Specific Intent: crimes where a 2. The disease must have caused a `defect of reason'
specific intent (not recklessness) is 3. Either they did not know…

Page 7

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UNIT TWO GCSE LAW
FAMILY LAW
MARRIAGE
"The voluntary union for life by one
man and one woman to the exclusion
of all others"

- Hyde v Hyde

Requirements of a valid marriage Detail

If either party is under 18, consent must be given by the parents.
If permission is…

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Church of England ceremonies
Marriage by banns

The traditional method. The banns are an announcement of the intended marriage. Read out on 3 successive Sundays in the
parish churches of both parties in the 3 months immediately before the wedding is to take place. A person may object to the…

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Nullity of marriage - Matrimonial Causes Act
High Court (Family Division)


VOID MARRIAGE VOIDABLE MARRIAGE

Under 16 Non consummation of the marriage


If either party had not genuinely consented e.g. `shotgun wedding'
If either party is already married or if one of the parties was too drunk to consent. Under…

Page 10

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DIVORCE
The law on divorce - Matrimonial and Family Proceedings Act
The party applying for the divorce is called the petitioner; the other party is called the respondent.

The application is started by presenting a document called a petition to the court, which will be initially the county court.
Complex…

Comments

MILLICENT THOMAS

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Fantastic and can be used as a revision pack

Matt

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thanks :)

kevsev

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Hey! This is great, by chance do you do A Level Law?

Matt

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nope sorry haha, i've got quite a bit science resources for gcse and as though if you're interested?

karen

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Hi. Just wanted to say THANK YOU for this. It's great. the 2 topics I also teach my GCSE Law students. Brilliant!

Fatimah__:)

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amazing just wat i needed since my law teachers a bit pressured for time! great doc!

SophieC1408

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any unit 1's?

Jan.D

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Absolutely fantastic.

Thank you so much for posting this.

Jan.D

Jan.D

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An absolutely fantastic resources. Hours of work, fantastic content and presentation. Brilliant!!

jwizz

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great, do you do it for the law of tort and rights and responsibilities? i'm not studying family or criminal

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