1951 – 64
Clement Atlee (1951-55)
· Crated the post war consensus
Hugh Gaitskell (1955-63)
· Huge divides in the party
· Gaitskell was to right of the party
· Wanted to get rid of clause 4 but could not
George Brown (1963-63)
· Did not do much
Harold Wilson (1963-64)
· Made the party seem more modern
· Was very good at using the media
Winston Churchill (1951-55):
· Last Prime Minister to be concurrently Minister of Defence. Domestic policy (notably end of rationing) interrupted by foreign disputes (Korean War, Ajax, Mau, Malayan Emergency).
· Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.
Antony Eden (1955-57):
· Egyptian nationalisation of the Suez Canal, which sparked the Suez Crisis.
· Premium bonds introduced.
· Resigned due to ill health.
Harold Macmillan (1957-63):
· The UK applied to join the European Economic Community for the first time, the application split the Conservatives and was vetoed by Charles de Gaulle;
· acceptance of Keynesianism;
· Rent Act 1957;
· Wind of Change speech;
· Notting Hill race riots and New Commonwealth immigration;
· opening of the BBC Television Centre; end of National Service;
· beginning of Beeching cuts;
· Night of the Long Knives (1962);
· Cuban missile crisis;
· Profumo Affair,
· He resigned due to ill health.
Alec Douglas-Home (1963-64):
· Was the 14th Earl of Home when he became Prime Minister, and renounced his peerage on 23 October 1963 in order to stand for the House of Commons.
· Oversaw the independence of colonies Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland;
· Abolition of the resale price maintenance.
1964 – 70
· Social reforms, including legalisation of abortion, abolition of capital punishment and decriminalisation of homosexuality;
· Rhodesian UDI;
· Agreed plans for Illegal Expulsion and Forced Deportation…